A critical perspective that:
-Critiques capitalist society for being hierarchal and unequal.
-It sees this inequality as caused by the ownership of wealth and therefore power by the ruling classes.
-It aruges that the ruling classes are the dominant force within the state which seeks to control the workers who are exploited for their cheap labour.
-Believes in a balance of EQUALITY
4 Methods of Power
-Keeping people in order through use of force of authority (coercion)
Hegenomy: Gramsci's Idea
-Order and control by means of persuasion as oposed to physical force.
-This could be done by social organisation and power distribution under capitalism
Interpellation: Althusser's Idea on Mode of Address
-Workers are created as subjects of ideology rather than individuals
-Dominated 'subject positions' are created for them.
-Using things to harden ideas : Abstract ideas invested in objects so they can symbolise the values and ideas
The Effect of these Methods is...
The ruled, the workers experience...
False Consciousness: Seeing things as the ruling class wants them to be seen. These processes betray the true relations of the forces between those classes, and prevent workers from seeing their true/material interests.
Alienation: Feeling disconnected and detatched from the processes of production and power. The state of disillusionment & frustration felt by workers when work is not fulfilling itself.
Subjection: Feeling disempowered and weak
This means they are now...
Compliant, Passive & Easily governed.