Marxism

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Marxism

A critical perspective that: 

-Critiques capitalist society for being hierarchal and unequal. 

-It sees this inequality as caused by the ownership of wealth and therefore power by the ruling classes.

-It aruges that the ruling classes are the dominant force within the state which seeks to control the workers who are exploited for their cheap labour. 

-Believes in a balance of        EQUALITY

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4 Methods of Power

Opression: 

-Keeping people in order through use of force of authority (coercion) 

Hegenomy: Gramsci's Idea

 -Order and control by means of persuasion as oposed to physical force.  

-This could be done by social organisation and power distribution under capitalism 

Interpellation: Althusser's Idea on Mode of Address

-Workers are created as subjects of ideology rather than individuals

-Dominated 'subject positions' are created for them.

Reification: Thingification

-Using things to harden ideas : Abstract ideas invested in objects so they can symbolise the values and ideas


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The Effect of these Methods is...

The ruled, the workers experience... 

False Consciousness: Seeing things as the ruling class wants them to be seen. These processes betray the true relations of the forces between those classes, and prevent workers from seeing their true/material interests. 

Alienation: Feeling disconnected and detatched from the processes of production and power. The state of disillusionment & frustration felt by workers when work is not fulfilling itself.

Subjection: Feeling disempowered and weak


This means they are now...


Compliant,        Passive       &         Easily governed.

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