Marriage and Marriage Ceremonies- Judaism

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  • Created by: natv
  • Created on: 12-05-16 13:07

Purpose of Marriage in Judaism

  • Companionship- To have someone to be with for the rest of one's life, especially in times of sickness/misfortune.
  • Faithfulness- To have a loving sexual relationship, just with that person. Marriage is the right context for sex.
  • Procreation- To have children and fulfill the first mitzvot ('Go Forth and Multiply').
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Key Aspects of a Marriage Ceremony

  • Chuppah (the jewish wedding canopy)- Symbolises the family home.
  • Veiling- Man unveils the woman before to check its her (links to the Story of Jacob and Leah).
  • Dancing- Before the official marriage.
  • Wine- Symbolises God's blessing in their marriage.
  • Bride Circling the Groom (7 times in Orthodox ceremonies)- Shows that her husband is the centre of her life.
  • Ring- Symbolises promise and eternity.
  • Breaking of Glass- Symbolises the destruction of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem.
  • Yichud (seclusion)- Couple left alone to symbolise the sex they will have in private.
  • Ketubah- marriage contract.
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Civil Partnerships

Torah Teaching:

  • 'If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death' (Leviticus)- this implies that homosexuality is wrong and that it is punishable by death.
  • Homosexual relationships do not fulfill the first mitzvot ('Be fruitful and multiply') as same sex couples cannot reproduce. 
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Civil Partnerships (Continued)

Orthodox View:

  • They have a strict interpretation of the Torah and believe it is wrong.
  • In spite of this, they respect and welcome homosexuals because Jewish communities are compassionate.
  • They have no right to be homophobic.

Reform Views:

  • They accept that sexual orientation is natural.
  • Sexual activity between homosexuals is acceptable in loving and committed relationships.
  • Approves of rabbinic officiation at same sex commitment ceremonies.
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