Media language Theorists and theories

  • Created by: DanielPW
  • Created on: 14-05-19 12:23

Semiotics - Roland Barthes

Semiotics is the idea that texts communicate their meanings through a process of signification

The idea that signs can function at the level of denotation, which involves the ‘literal’ or common-sense meaning of the sign, and at the level of connotation, which involves the meanings associated with or suggested by the sign

“A sign, in this context, refers to something which conveys meaning – for example, a written or spoken word, a symbol or a myth” – Ceasefire magazine

The idea that constructed meanings can come to seem self-evident, achieving the status of myth through a process of naturalisation

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Narratology - Tzvetan Todorov

- the idea that all narratives share a basic structure that involves a movement from one state of equilibrium to another

- the idea that these two states of equilibrium are separated by a period of imbalance or disequilibrium

- the idea that the way in which narratives are resolved can have particular ideological significance

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Genre theory - Steve Neale

- the idea that genres may be dominated by repetition, but are also marked by difference, variation, and change

- the idea that genres change, develop, and vary, as they borrow from and overlap with one another

- the idea that genres exist within specific economic, institutional and industrial Contexts

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Structuralism - Claude Lévi-Strauss

- the idea that texts can best be understood through an examination of their underlying structure

- the idea that meaning is dependent upon (and produced through) pairs of oppositions

- the idea that the way in which these binary oppositions are resolved can have particular ideological significance

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Postmodernism - Jean Baudrillard

- the idea that in postmodern culture the boundaries between the ‘real’ world and the world of the media have collapsed and that it is no longer possible to distinguish between reality and simulation

-the idea that in a postmodern age of simulacra we are immersed in a world of images which no longer refer to anything ‘real’

- the idea that media images have come to seem more ‘real’ than the reality they supposedly represent (hyperreality)

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