Margaret Thatcher

Mass Media and Popular Culture in Britain

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Thatcherism and the press

  • Unions allowed printing options to be modernised
  • National Geographic Association attempted to stop new print machines - however, were defeated by newspaper owner Eddy Shah - new systems improved efficiency and profitability - further two newspapers were set up
  • Rupert Murdoch sacked printers who went on site and he had full government supports on his decisions
  • Murdoch supported Thatcher and promoted Thatcherism in his work
  • Thatcher restricted what was published in the media on national security issues
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Britain under Thatcher

  • Number of university students increased from 535,000 to 710,000 between 1981 and 1989
  • 10,000 more police officers were recruited between 1979 and 1982
  • Numbers of families living on less than average national salary increased from 5 million to 14.1 million
  • Public spending on schools was reduced by 10%
  • Real earnings grew by 2.8%
  • 18% cut in university funding was implemented over three years
  • Amount of families with phones rose to 85% and families with central heating rose to 77%
  • Annual growth rates of economy were considerably higher in 1979 - 1988
  • House prices increased
  • Unemployment numbers rose
  • Labour force grew from 22.5 million to 26.9 million
  • Incomes of the poor increased
  • Thatcher negotiated with Gorbachev which contributed to end of the Cold War
  • Number of recorded crimes rose
  • Britain was entitled to trade in free markets with Europe due to Single European Act of 1986
  • Expenditure on criminal justice system rose to £3.9 million
  • O-levels and CSEs replaced with GCSEs
  • Thatcherism reduced socialist influence on Britain
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