Marcel Breuer - Wassily Armchair - Bauhaus

points on the Wassily chair, Bauhaus and Marcel Breuer. Recommended for OCR GCSE Product Design 2011

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  • Created by: jenna
  • Created on: 03-06-11 11:49

Brief Overview - The Wassily Chair

  • The Wassily Chair was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925-26. 
  • Revolutionary at the time - use of tubular steel.
  • Originally made from nickel lead tubular steel. 
  • Wassily chair is now made with a polished chrome-finished tubular steel frame.
  • Thick cowhide leather slings of the chairs show style yet are comfortable

The chair, which now has become a symbol of modernism, is essentially a club chair with the upholstery removed. It appears to be a series of planes floating in space. The chair is typically early modernist in its Utopian evocation of weightlessness, dematerialization and transcendence. 

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Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer 21 May 1902 – 1 July 1981

'Affordable furniture for the masses'

  • Architecture and furniture designer.
  • An influential Hungarian-born modernist of Jewish descent. 
  • One of the masters of modernism
  • Breuer displayed interest in modular construction and simple forms.
  • Student and teacher at Bauhaus.
  • Breuer considered all his designs to be essential for modern day living
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Marcel Breuer - How did he influence

  • Breuer attempts to reduce furniture to its minimum functionally-necessary form.
  •  Tries to look at inexpensively mass-producing rather than one-off pieces.

'Affordable furniture for the masses'

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Bauhaus - Brief over view

  • School in Germany that combined crafts and fine arts.
  • Famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
  • It operated from 1919-1933 (Shut down by the Nazi's)

Bauhaus -1919 - 1933

  • School of art, architecture and design established by modern architect, Walter Gropius at Weimar in Germany in 1919
  • Teaching method replaced pupil-teacher relationship with the idea of community artists working together.
  • It's aim to bring art back with the contact of everyday life, and design was given as much weight as fine art
  • The Bauhaus moved to Dessau in 1925/6 where Gropius created a new building for it. 
  • In 1932 it moved to Berlin where it got shut down by the Nazi's
  • Moholy-Nagy opened a new Bauhaus in Chicago in 1937
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