Macromolecules

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Macromolecules

Graphite

Graphite

Graphite is a form of carbon in which the carbon atoms form layers. Each carbon atom in a layer is joined to only three other carbon atoms.The layers can slide over each other because there are no covalent bonds between them. This makes graphite much softer than diamond. It is used in pencils and as a lubricant. Graphite conducts electricity.

Silica

Silica

Silica, which is found in sand, has a similar structure to diamond. It is also hard and has a high melting point. However, it contains silicon and oxygen atoms instead of carbon atoms.

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