Low Fertility

HideShow resource information


  • Low fertlity is described as a country having a TFR of 1.5 or below
  • Lowest-low fertility is described as a country having a TFR of 1.3 or below
1 of 6


  • Singapore's government spends approximately $1.3 billion annually on trying to boost its fertility rate
  • This includes $15,000 parental packages per child
2 of 6


  • Russia's population has been shrinking since the 1990's
  • This was propelled by low fertility rates and high mortality rates due to excessive alcoholism and HIV transmitted through drug use
  • The Russian government declared September 12th 2007 as its National Day of Conception
  • Couples were given this day off work to try and conceive a child
  • June 12th 2008 was Russia's National Day
  • Anyone who gave birth on Russia's National Day could win either money, a fridge or a car
  • Russia's Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has pledged to spend £33 billion in order to boost its fertility by 30% over the next 5 years
3 of 6


  • Japan's fertility rate is so low that one demographer predicts that the Japanese could become extinct in the next 1000 years
  • Japanese toiletries company Unicharm now claims to sell more adult nappies than baby nappies
4 of 6


  • Romania was reaching zero population growth in the 1960's
  • The Romanian government implicated a policy in which people living in Romania aged 25 or above with no children must pay a higher tax than those living in Romania aged 25 or above with children
5 of 6

Beckers Home Economics Theory

  • Becker suggests that some parents now want a good quality of life for their child or children rather than a large quantity of children
  • Most parents cannot afford to have quanity and quality so most now have a smaller amount of children giving them a good quality of life
  • Quality of life is expensive in terms or direct costs and indirect costs
  • Direct costs include food, healthcare and education for the child
  • Indirect costs include time (especially the mothers), loss of working hours and loss of place on the career ladder.
6 of 6


No comments have yet been made

Similar Development Studies resources:

See all Development Studies resources »See all Population and Society resources »