Close Reading Question Types and Strategies

  • Created by: tyrone803
  • Created on: 07-04-16 11:22

Own Words

  • Find the relevant line/s in the passage and highlight them.
  • Put the lines/ideas into your own words.
  • Check you have given sufficient detail for the number of marks available.

Bullet point your re-worded answer. 

1 marks for each reason/ explanation. 

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  • give a definition for the word
  • discuss how the context of the word helps you understand its meaning

The word... which means... can be worked out from the context where the word/s...

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  • quote word/s or phrase from the link sentence/paragraph and show how it links back to the previous ideas
  • quote from the link sentence/paragraph and show how it links forward to ideas in the next section 

"..." links back to the ideas/words in the previous section...

"..." links forward to the ideas/words in the next section....

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similies, metaphores, personification

  • quote and name the comparison (unless the technique is used in the question)
  • say what it is being compared to 
  • explain what the compatison helps you to understand (or whatever focus the question asks you to take 

Just as... so too the writer is suggesting that...

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Sentence Structure

punctuation, sentence types, patterns 

  • identify the sentence structure that is helping to make meaning (make sure it's clear what you are talking about - quote) 
  • suggests why the writer uses it - relate to the passage 
  • explain what it helps you understand

The writers use of... is used to/shows...

1 mark for indentifying the structure and 1 mark for explaining what it does. 

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Word Choice

  • identify the word you want to comment on - quote 
  • provide the conotations of the word 
  • explain what it helps you to understand

quote word                       connotations and explanation                 



The word ("quote word") which means/suggests (definition/ connotations) makes us think...

1 mark for identifying the word and 1 mark for explaining what it does. 

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What the writer would sound like speaking. 

  • identify the tone 
  • follow word choice or sentence structure strategies to say how it is created 

The tone is... I know this because the writer uses... which creates... 


The writers use of... creates an (insert) tone by...

1 mark for stating the technique used and 1 mark for explaining what it does. 

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Tone - Examples

  • chatty/informal/colloquial
  • humorous/funny/witty
  • emotive- anger, pity, fear
  • ironic/tongue in cheek
  • persuasive (rhetorical questions)
  • factual
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Sentence Structure - Examples

Sentence Types, Patterns, Punctuation

  • long/short sentences
  • lists (neutral/ with climax)
  • sentences without verbs - creates informal/chatty tones
  • repetition
  • balanced sentences
  • rhetorical questions - asking you to support the writer
  • : ; ? ! - , 
  • ... (hesitation)
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