- Find the relevant line/s in the passage and highlight them.
- Put the lines/ideas into your own words.
- Check you have given sufficient detail for the number of marks available.
Bullet point your re-worded answer.
1 marks for each reason/ explanation.
- give a definition for the word
- discuss how the context of the word helps you understand its meaning
The word... which means... can be worked out from the context where the word/s...
- quote word/s or phrase from the link sentence/paragraph and show how it links back to the previous ideas
- quote from the link sentence/paragraph and show how it links forward to ideas in the next section
"..." links back to the ideas/words in the previous section...
"..." links forward to the ideas/words in the next section....
similies, metaphores, personification
- quote and name the comparison (unless the technique is used in the question)
- say what it is being compared to
- explain what the compatison helps you to understand (or whatever focus the question asks you to take
Just as... so too the writer is suggesting that...
punctuation, sentence types, patterns
- identify the sentence structure that is helping to make meaning (make sure it's clear what you are talking about - quote)
- suggests why the writer uses it - relate to the passage
- explain what it helps you understand
The writers use of... is used to/shows...
1 mark for indentifying the structure and 1 mark for explaining what it does.
- identify the word you want to comment on - quote
- provide the conotations of the word
- explain what it helps you to understand
quote word connotations and explanation
The word ("quote word") which means/suggests (definition/ connotations) makes us think...
1 mark for identifying the word and 1 mark for explaining what it does.
What the writer would sound like speaking.
- identify the tone
- follow word choice or sentence structure strategies to say how it is created
The tone is... I know this because the writer uses... which creates...
The writers use of... creates an (insert) tone by...
1 mark for stating the technique used and 1 mark for explaining what it does.
Tone - Examples
- emotive- anger, pity, fear
- ironic/tongue in cheek
- persuasive (rhetorical questions)
Sentence Structure - Examples
Sentence Types, Patterns, Punctuation
- long/short sentences
- lists (neutral/ with climax)
- sentences without verbs - creates informal/chatty tones
- balanced sentences
- rhetorical questions - asking you to support the writer
- : ; ? ! - ,
- ... (hesitation)