Loftus and Palmer- Conclusions
- People aren't good at estimating the speed of vehicles (actual speed=20, mean estimate-37.7 and actual speed=30, mean estimate=36.2)
- The form of the question (changing word) can affect a witness's answer.
- This occurs for 2 reasons; a pp's schema of each word effects the estimation of speed if uncertain (response bias) and the verb changes the pps memory.
- "The way a question is asked can enornously influence the answer given"
- Leading questions alter the memory a person has of an event, rather than just their answer.
- 2 kinds of information are integrated to create a memory; the original perception of the event and the external information supplied 'after the fact'.