Local health care workers

just a bit about the work of health care workers in LEDCs

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Differences between LEDCs and MEDCs

LEDCs look at how to CURE problems when they arise so infectious diseases

MEDCs look at PREVENTION of problems e.g. vaccines etc

As a result LEDCs rely heavily on FOREIGN AID

however this allows for schemes such as the training of local healthcare workers for rural areas

This means being trained in basic health care for example: first aid, midwifey, post/anti natal care, health care education etc

This is because of a lack of medical facilities like hospitals!

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Advantages and Disadvantages


  • self reliance
  • decreases morbidity in rural areas
  • creates employment
  • inexpensive
  • less likely to migrate


  • Not able to replace fully trained professionals who often migrate
  • a full term solution needs to be found...
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Health care in Ethiopia

a few stats...

3 Drs per 100,000 people!- MAJOR shortage of medical professionals

IMR of 8% (infant mortality rate)

People have poor health care, sanitation, education and nutrition, more infectious diseases

The solution...

Foreign aid has been used to fund development in sanitation, clean water, health, preventative Health care eg vaccines and contraceptives

Also funds Health Extension Programme- trains local HC workers! they deliver basic health care like malaria vaccines, midwifery and health education!

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And finally...

Money has been used to prevent disease

they have funded insecticide bug nets as a cost efficeint way pf preventing disease

the no. of cases have dropped by 20% in one year!

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