Differences between LEDCs and MEDCs
LEDCs look at how to CURE problems when they arise so infectious diseases
MEDCs look at PREVENTION of problems e.g. vaccines etc
As a result LEDCs rely heavily on FOREIGN AID
however this allows for schemes such as the training of local healthcare workers for rural areas
This means being trained in basic health care for example: first aid, midwifey, post/anti natal care, health care education etc
This is because of a lack of medical facilities like hospitals!
Advantages and Disadvantages
- self reliance
- decreases morbidity in rural areas
- creates employment
- less likely to migrate
- Not able to replace fully trained professionals who often migrate
- a full term solution needs to be found...
Health care in Ethiopia
a few stats...
3 Drs per 100,000 people!- MAJOR shortage of medical professionals
IMR of 8% (infant mortality rate)
People have poor health care, sanitation, education and nutrition, more infectious diseases
Foreign aid has been used to fund development in sanitation, clean water, health, preventative Health care eg vaccines and contraceptives
Also funds Health Extension Programme- trains local HC workers! they deliver basic health care like malaria vaccines, midwifery and health education!
Money has been used to prevent disease
they have funded insecticide bug nets as a cost efficeint way pf preventing disease
the no. of cases have dropped by 20% in one year!