Listening Topics

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  • Created by: ellehalex
  • Created on: 24-05-16 14:00

Film Music

  • creates or enhances the mood
  • builds tension
  • links appearance to same character (leitmotif)
  • mickey mousing
  • allows smooth transformation between scenes
  • creates emotional responses from the audience

John Williams:

  • Jaws
  • Forrest Gump
  • Harry Potter

Hans Zimmer

  • Pirates of the Carribean
  • Inception
  • Batman
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Programme Music

  • descriptive suggesting visual images and telling a story
  • storyline is known as the programme
  • popular during Romantic Period
  • close links with literature and painting
  • motifs
  • short melodical rhythmic ideas to represent a character or image
  • theme changes to mirror the situation
  • direct immitation of sound i.e. birds and thunder
  • instruments represent characters or images

Hector Berlioz

  • Symphonie Fantastique
  • Les Troyens
  • Requiem

Franz Liszt

  • La Campanella
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African A Capella

  • unaccompanied singing
  • Mbube - strong and powerful
  • Isicathamiya - gentle and harmonious
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo
  • syncopated
  • vocals blend
  • close harmony
  • precise
  • no conductors
  • clapping
  • stamping
  • vocal sounds i.e. yelps
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Lieder

  • Romantic Period
  • emotional and expressive
  • rich melodies
  • minor key
  • based on stories (Grimm Brothers)
  • piano leads
  • voice
  • piano plays repeated motif representing a character in the story
  • singing in German

Franz Schubert

  • Ave Maria
  • Erlkönig  

Robert Schumann

  • Dichterliebe
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Disco

  • crotchet base drum on each beat
  • 4/4 time
  • accented 2 and 4 beat per bar
  • hi-hat
  • wahwah pedal
  • electric piano harmony
  • 120 bpm
  • catchy vocals
  • backing vocals in chorus (multitrack)
  • hook (repeated motif)
  • falsetto

Artists

  • The Bee Gees
  • Jackson 5
  • Gloria Gaynor
  • Diana Ross
  • Abba
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Club Dance

  • four on the floor rhythms (base)
  • samples
  • loops
  • layered textures

House

  • four on the floor bass drum
  • drum rolls and off beat hi-hat patterns
  • looped samples
  • synthesizer riffs
  • sometimes has vocals (or vocal samples) and piano chords
  • usually around 120bpm

Techno

  • has similar drum patterns to house
  • uses more purely synthetic sounds
  • often has little or no chord movement
  • most interest lies in the timbre (instrumental colour) and rhythm
  • usually around 120-140bpm
  • few or no vocals
  • closely associated with large scale parties know as raves
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Salsa

  • intro
  • 2 or more verses
  • 4/4 time
  • claves
  • minor key
  • bongos
  • timbales
  • cow bells
  • congas
  • tres
  • repeated chord paterns
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Gamelan

  • 4/4 time
  • 8 bar phrases - gongans
  • polyrhythmic features
  • Bali - jangly
  • Java - soft
  • sounds off key
  • repeating melody
  • drummer leads

Instruments

  • metallophones
  • kendhang
  • xylophones
  • bamboo flutes
  • gongs
  • rebab
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American Line Dance

  • dancers face the same way or 'wall'
  • turn to face different sides
  • 4/4 time
  • steady tempo
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Irish Folk

  • fast tempo
  • constant quavers
  • small intervals
  • lively
  • ornamentation of the melody
  • major or minor key
  • binary form
  • unaccompanied solo melody

Jig

  • compound time
  • 6/8 9/8 12/8

Reel

  • simple time
  • 2/2 2/4 4/4

Instruments

  • fiddle
  • flute
  • tin whistle
  • accordian
  • bodhran
  • uillean pipes
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