Lifestyle choices

As health and social care section two

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Self Esteem etc.

Self-esteem - How you feel about yourself

Self-image- How you think others see you and how you want to look

Self-confidence- In abilites

Self- respect- Treating yourself within your own moral values

Self-concept- Your idea of yourself, including physical, intellectual, emotional and social ideas

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Diet

Diet is important because it has drastic effects upon someone's physical and intellectual development- which can in turn affect social and emotional development.

Poorer people tend to have worse diets than people in higher classes. Poorer people;

  • Spend less on foods rich in nutrients including; fruit and veg
  • Tend to eat more processed foods, containing high salt levels (microwave)
  • Are statistically more obese that higher class people
  • Spend more money on foods high in fat and sugar such as; chips

To have a healthy diet you should;

  • Aim to eat five portions of fruit and veg a day
  • Choose healthy snacks e.g. fruit or celery
  • Serve lean meats and other good sources of protein e.g. eggs and fish
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Exercise

Exercise should go hand in hand with a healthy diet. The result will be a fit body that is not overweight. You should aim to do half an hours cardiovascular activity three times a week, such as; running, cycling or playing squash.

Benefits of exercise:

  • Increases 'good' cholesterol
  • Lowers high blood pressure
  • Gives you healthier heart and lungs
  • Gives you better muscle tone
  • Increase stamina
  • Promotes bone density
  • Helps prevent premature deaths e.g. heart attack, diabetes, stroke, organ failure etc.
  • You can make new friends
  • Prevents premature ageing
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Smoking

Smoking is a major contributing factor towards;

  • Lung cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Strokes
  • Heart attacks
  • Mouth cancer
  • High blood pressure
  • Asthma
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Narrowed arteries

Benefits of giving up:

  • Increased chance of conceving and having a healthy preg and baby
  • You breathe more easily
  • Your blood vessels begin to reopen and circulation improves
  • Your energy levels start to rise as the carbon monox leave the body
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Housing

People in lower classes have less choices of where and how they live. Many people have to rent a house from the local authority.

Poor housing and neighbourhoods are often associated with:

  • Busy roads
  • Dampness and dirt, causing breathing problems
  • Noisy neighbours
  • Poor buliding maintenance, so risk of accidents
  • Overcrowding
  • Worse local schools
  • Litter/Graffiti
  • Higher crime rates
  • Increased pollution
  • Poor ventilation
  • Drug problems
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Air Pollution

Air Pollution

Air pollution can cause:

  • Asthma
  • Lung cancer
  • Other respiritory problems
  • Make cities unpleasant for children to play out in
  • Can cause stress and anxiety for those who suffer it reguarly
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Water Pollution

Some causes:

  • Poorly treated or untreated human sewage
  • Chemicals from detergants or fertilisers
  • Chemical waste and industrial by-products

Can cause:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Food Poisioning
  • Digestive disorders
  • Death
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Noise Pollution

Some causes:

  • Traffic
  • Factories
  • People shouting
  • Alarms
  • Factories
  • Machinery

Can negatively affect someone's social and emotional wellbeing, by causing stress, irritation, neighbourhood disputes and sleeplessness.

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