A Police State
In July 1933, Germany became a one-party state. Political parties were banned and people that openly criticised the Nazis were imprisoned. The policy was enforced by the ** and the Gestapo (the secret police). The ** originally were Hitler's body guards and the police force of the Nazi party but they then controlled the Germany police forces.
- They used terror tactics to immidate, arrest and sometimes kill any people who they saw a oppnentes.
- Political enemies of the Nazis such as the liberals, socialists and communists were often arrested without trial and sent to concentration camps.
People that did not fit in with the police state were treated harshly, around 500,000 tramps and beggars were sent to concentration camps in 1933 and the same amount of gypsies died in Auschwitz and other death camps. Other victims included mentally ill people aand people who suffered from genetic diseases. In1939, a secret policy of euthanasia began and by 1944, 200,000 people had been killed because of their illness.
Role of Women
Joseph Goebbels 1934: "woman has the task of being beautiful and bringing up children into the world, and this is by no mean as coarse and old-fashioned as one might think."
- Hitler stated that the women's role was kinder, kuche, kirche which translates to children, kitchen, church.
- Marriage loans were given to women who gave up their jobs
- There were restrictions on the employment of women as civil servants and in the professions
- Women were not allowed to be members of the Reichstag.