Liberalism

Liberalism Government and Politics A2

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Individualism

induvidualism: The belief in the primacy of the induvidual over any social group or collective body.

Egoistic: SELF INTEREST ('possesive induvidualism' CB Macpherson) and SELF RELIANCE 

Developmental: HUMAN FLOURISHING and SELF REALISATION

Implications:

state is an offence, and has little purpose if individuals are self reliant ('State help kills self help'). ergo classical liberal prefernce for minimal state. however developmental individualism has been used by modern liberals and some social democrats to support intervention, linked to expanding postive freedom, the state may lay down conditions that foster personal growth and human flourishing, to provide fairness and be a equal and neutral arbiter in society. 

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Freedom

Negative freedom: FREEDOM FROM. absence of external constraints on the individual, associated with privacy or choice. Checks on negative freedom are laws and physical constraint, implies 'rolling back' the state. 

Positive freedom: FREEDOM TO ability to grow and develop and realise individual potential. checks on freedom are social- poverty, homelessness, unemployment etc. implies welfare and state intervention. 

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