Liberal Social Reform

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  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 08-04-13 14:03

What were the differences between Old and 'New' Li

Old Liberalism: The role of the state is small in the social sphere because there is little they can do to help the people.

New Liberalism: Society is made of people working together so the state needs to judge the needs of individuals and society.

Old Liberalism: Did not believe in government spending, particularly for social reform.

New Liberalism: The state needs to correct the flaws in the economic system

Old Liberalism: Did not want to intervene on the life of the public- believed in removing obstacles to businesses. Taxes should be low do people as free to spend their money as they liked.

New Liberalism: Taxes should be raised to pay for schemes- progressive taxation to redistribute wealth.

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Were there any continuities to Liberal social refo

  • Social services should be paid for by contribution.
  • Goal= to enable the working class to achieve a middle class lifestyle
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Were there any continuities to Liberal social refo

  • Social services should be paid for by contribution.
  • Goal= to enable the working class to achieve a middle class lifestyle
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Why did New Liberalism develop?

Political Pragmatism

  • because of the competition of the Conservative reforms/policies
  • Socialist ideas gained popularity in 1880s- working classes wanted change

Humanitarian Concern

  • the social research of Rowntree and Booth- people are so far in poverty that only government help can save them
  • To improve national efficiency
  • Britain's economy less secure- international competition- needed change of policy
  • Local government intervention was successful- could work on a larger scale
  • 'Unproductive' wealth already taxed- needed to raise money from tax (taxing rich)- death duties
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What was Lloyd George's view on social reform?

Humanitarian Concern

  • Particularly concerned about the old- believes in Old Age Pensions
  • The poor cannot survive without the State's help

Political Pragmatism

  • Believes reforms will hold off the threat of the Labour Party
  • Poverty is a disgrace to the nation- needs to win votes
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What was Churchill's view on social reform?

Humanitarian Concern

  • Reforms to help the sick, old and young
  • Improve standard of living

Political Pragmatism

  • Germany was successful at using social reforms- Britain needs to catch up
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Was Liberal Social Reform motivated by humanitaria

Poverty exposed demand for reform (humanitarian concern)

  • 25% of population living in poverty
  • Rowntree and Booth: old are not fit enough to work, hard for others to find jobs

Lloyd George, Asquith and Churchill (both)

  • Had genuine concern to improve standards of living and get rid of poverty
  • Lloyd George was a philanthropist and new liberalist who had real concern for the old

Development of New Liberalism (both)

  • Conditions could no longer be tolerated- self reliance would not achieve goal quick enough

Threat of Labour Party (political pragmatism)

  • Had ideas about social reform, their leader understood what it's like to come from poor background

Concern for national efficiency (political pragmatism)- Boer War, competition of Germany

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