Lexical change

Clipping

A new word produced by shortening an existing one 

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Acronym

A lexicalised word made up from the initial letters of a phrase

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Affixation

The addition of bound morphemes to an existing word 

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Prefixes

Addition of a bound morpheme to the beginning of a root word 

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Suffixes

Addition of a bound morpheme to the end of a root word 

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Conversion

A word changes its word class without adding suffix

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Compound

The combining of seperate words to create a new morpheme, sometimes with a hyphen to link them 

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Initialism

A word made from initial letters each being pronounced 

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Back formation

The removal of an imagined affix from an exisitng word 

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Blend

Two words fusing together to make a new one

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