Lex Manilia- 66BC

Notes on Lex Manilia- command in the East 66BC

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Lex Manilia- 66BC

- Whilst Rome was preoccupied with Sertorius, Spartacus and pirates, Mithridates was slowly building up his strength.

-Mithridates allied with his son-in-law, Tigranes who was King of Armenia.

-He attacked Roman province of Bithynia.

-The problem had been going on since 74BC when Lucullus had been granted the command in the province of Cilica.

- Lucullus had many usccessesm eventually defeating a combined force of Tigranes and Mithridates in the capital of Armenia- Lucullus looted the capital.

-However, he mistreated his troops, who mutinied, refusing to fight for him.

-Lucullus had also lost the support of Romans, especially the equites, by imposing stricter regulations on taxes, protecting the provincials but penalising the business classes.

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Lex Manilia-66BC

- Equites were calling for Lucullus' removal and the optimates weren't supporting him since he invaded Armenia without the Senate's permission.

- Pompey wanted more glory in the wake of this succes and he also had two and a half years of imperium remaining.

-There was very little opposition to extending his command since traders etc, were supporting Pompey.

-Both Cicero and Caesar spoke in favour of the bill.

-Cicero's motivation was that he need to maintain Pompey's suppport- as a novus home, he was relying on Pompey and his supporters for votes to be consul.

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Pompey's eastern settlement

- It created new provinces in the east.

-Built cities in these provinces (a Roman 'stamp).

-Client-states (kingdoms which ruled themselves but maintained good relations with Rome)

Benefits for Rome

-Added to and consolidated the empire.

-480million sesterces in war spoils added to the treasury.

-Raised Romes revenue from tributes by 70%

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Lex Manilia- 66BC

- Provincials recieved peace and security and Pompey became their patron.

-Pompey increased his overseas clientela (future supporters in case of civil war).

-In Pompey's absence, there was rise of Crassus and Caesar.

-Both men attempting to gain power- join together, Crassus' wealth and Caesar's popularity combined.

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