Leukemia

What is it?

Leukemia is the cancer of the White blood cells 

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Symptoms

  • pale skin 
  • easily bruised skin 
  • breathlessness 
  • tiredness 
  • repeated infections over a short period of time 
  • weight loss 
  • swollen spleen 
  • swollen liver 
  • excessive sweating 
  •  swollen lymph nodes 
  • frequent / unusual bleeding 
  •  high temperature 
  •  fits / seizures
  • headaches 
  • dizziness 
  •  blurred vision 
  • vomiting 
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Causes

  • Genetic mutation / mutation to the structure of DNA 
  • Stem cells produce more white blood cells than are needed 
  • These white blood cells are immature/do not have the infection fighting
  • Properties of mature white blood cells 
  • Number of healthy red blood cells/platelets falls 
  • Exposure to significant radiation previous cancer treatment/ radiotherapy/ chemotherapy 
  • family history 
  • coupled with an environmental trigger 
  • Exposure to benzene 
  • Certain blood disorders 
  • Certain genetic disorders 
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Treatment

  • Blood transfusions 
  • Placed in a sterile environment 
  • Antibiotics 
  • Chemotherapy
  • Bone marrow/stem cell transplant 
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Physical Impact

On the indivdual 

  • hormone imblance 
  • low fertility levels 
  • not having an interest of sex

On the family 

  • having strains from lifting the person up
  • always feeling tired 
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Intellectual Impact

On the indivdual 

  • lack of concentration at work or school
  • learn about the cancer more 

On the family 

  • may have to have time of work or school- may be behind in tasks 
  • responsibiites change at home 
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Emotional Impact

On the indivdual 

  • anxiety 
  • sadness
  • amger 
  • afraid 
  • depressed 
  • happy
  • joyful (if they have a high chance of beating the cancer)

On the family 

  • Stress
  • anxiety 
  • overwhelmed 
  • angry 
  • happy- if the indivdual has overcome the cancer 
  •  

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Social Impact

On the indivdual 

  • Affect relationship with partner/family/friends ( positive or negative)
  • Engage in health promotion activities related to breast cancer, e.g. Raising awareness
  • Impact on intimate relationships 

On the family 

  • Make you and the person who has the cancer close
  • put tension because of the change of responsibilities
  •  Put a strain on your relationship
  • Won’t be able to do hobbies because of being tired 
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Financial Impact

On the indivdual 

  • May need to leave work
  • salary affected (e.g. goes onto statutory sick)
  • has to leave work and relies on benefits
  • Car parking charges

On the family 

  • May need to leave work to look after the person with the cancer 
  • Might be on sick pay 
  • Having to cope with using benefits to live 
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