- Narrator's talking about the men she has had relationships with in the past.
- She presents the men as protective and entertaining, but also vain.
- She was like a queen and the men played the part of her rescuer.
- Part of the medieval courtly love tradition in which men tried to win the hearts of virtuous women by doing courageous deeds.
- Now she's married and has been transformed into a modern wife who must do what her husband wants.
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- There is language of courtly love.
- References to medieval romance and courtly love traditions distance the narrator from her past.
- Makes her past seem more romantic but also quite unreal.
- There are metaphors in the poem as well.
- List of metaphors used to describe men.
- They include birds, buildings and animals which associate men with certain characteristics.
- There is also modern language.
- Contemporary language brings the narrator back to the present day and contrasts with the romantic world of courtly love.
- Reminds us that she has a different life now.
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- Poem begins with the narrator's lighthearted reflection on her past.
- Tone then changes in stanza four whn she thinks about her present reality.
- Quick chang in tone emphasises the way her life was transformed overnight when she became someone's wife.
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- Poem is written from the point of view of the female narrator.
- Poet uses sets of lists, enjambment and caesura so that the poem flows like natural speech.
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Feelings and Attitudes
- Narrator seems to have romantic feelings towards the men of her past.
- She uses the courtly love tradition to illustrate the way they used to act the different parts of courtly lovers when they were together.
- Narrator seen as a courtly love queen, showing that she has control of her life.
- Howver, there is a shift in power when she marries because her husband has control.
- It seems that she's inferior to him.
- She seems quite nostalgic and sentimental about her past.
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