The Equality Act 2010
- Replaces several pieces of older legislation, including the disability rights act, the new race relations act and the equal opportunities act.
- This makes it illegal to discriminate on the grounds of race, religion, belief, gender, sexual orientation, pregnancy and maternity, disability and age (called the nine protected characteristics.)
- Protects from discrimination in; - Education - Employment - Housing - Provision of goods - Facilities and services and - Transport.
- Protection Against Types Of Discrimination - Direct, Indirect, Harassment and Victimisation in Services
Human Rights Act 1998
- Establishes the fundamental rights and freedoms of all individuals.
- The Act sets out approximately 16 rights and responsibilities, here are a selection:
- Right to Life
- Freedom from Torture and Inhumane or Degrading Treatment.
- Right to marry and start a family.
- Right to a Fair Trial.
- Right to Freedom of Expression.
- Right to Liberty and Security.
- Right to Education.
- The Act came into force within the United Kingdom in October 2000
Health and Social Care Act 2008
Regulation 9 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 is:
Person-Centred Care it ensures:
- Each person receives appropriate person-centred care and treatment that is based on an assessment of their needs and preferences.
- Providers must work in partnership with the person, make any reasonable adjustments and provide support to help them understand and make informed decisions about their care and treatment options.
- The care and treatment of service users must —
- be appropriate,
- meet their needs, and
- reflect their preferences
Person Centred Active Support Initiative
- Person Centred Active Support (PCAS) is a structured approach to supporting people with learning disabilities to maximise their engagement in meaningful activity.
- This may be from domestic activities at home such as cooking and washing to educational, employment and leisure activities in the community.
- The key components of PCAS are:
- Every moment has potential
- Doing things little and often
- Offering graded assistance
- Maximising choice and control
Valuing People Now 2009
Valuing People Now is the name of the big plan the Government made.
It talks about what needs to be done to make the lives of people with learning disabilities better.
Its key aims are to ensure and enable that:
- People with learning disabilities should have the same rights and choices as everyone else.
- People with learning disabilities have the right to be treated with dignity and respect.
- People with learning disabilities should have the same chances and responsibilities as everyone else.
- Family carers and families of people with learning disabilities have the right to the same hopes and choices as other families.
Project SEARCH was developed at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in 1996.
It aims to secure competitive employment for individuals with varying disabilities, both developmentla and physical.
It is now in over 300 sites across The USA, Canada, England, Scotland, Ireland and Australia.
We have Project SEARCH site here on Yeovil College campus, it launched in 2013 and aims tp provide students aged 18 and over with learning difficulties/disabilities:
- to prepare students for full-time work and support them to find a job.
By students becoming interns at Yeovil District Hospital, they learn a variety of skills in three different departments over the year of the course.
Foundation Learning aims to offer a variety of courses that are individually tailored for adults and school leavers with additional needs.
Yeovil College have a Foundation Learning centre where students learn in small, friendly groups with high levels of support.
The team work very closely with students and ensure that they receive the support, guidance and care to learn new independent skills and gain knowledge and confidence to prepare them for the world of work!
Within Foundation Learning the College also offer a Centre for Independent Living Skills.
The centre enables students to develop the personal skills to live independently and, potentially, employability skills too.
Specialist Residential Colleges
Specialist Residential Colleges aim to provide individuals with specialist further education services, offering up to 52 week residential placements, 24 hour care, for young people aged 16 to 25 with a learning disability and complex needs.
Through a person-centred approach they provide learners with an individualised learning programme developed to effectively match their needs, personal decisions and aspirations, be the focus on daily living skills, vocational qualifications or independent living.
Encouraging learners to develop and pursue their interests and provide them with the support they need to consistently achieve their personal best.
Such colleges are aimed mostly towards the following learner profile:
- Moderate to severe learning disabilities
- Autism spectrum conditions
- Down’s syndrome
- Developmental disorders
- Communication difficulties
- Challenging behaviour