- Created by: Charntae075
- Created on: 30-09-18 19:12
Statement of Constitution
'We the United States in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote general welfare and our prosperity, to ordain and confirm the Constitution of the United States...'
- The constitution is the supreem law of the land (must be followed)
- It sets up govenment and protects the basic rights of Americans: freedom of speech, liberty, saftey, health and religion
After the War of Independance of Independance the United States now had a 'Federal Govenment' meaning that the country was now run by the people (state/ govenment).
- It was no longer held by a monarch and the statement of constitution highlights the power the USA now has and how Britiain is still ruled by the monarchy.
Federalism is the system of the govenment dividing power and responsibility of the country between a: Centralised National govenment (US Federal Govenment) and the state govements.
- This often created tension between the states when dissagrements about an issue would occur
This was the idea of the founding fathers of America- the constitution was drawn up by them and they created a system where power would be divided between the Federal govenment and the individual states
Introduction to the Constitution
The system was designed to create a series of fair checks and balences- which would prevent any any branch of govenment dominating and being in a position to tyrenise the people in the country
- The US was proud of its new independance and they didn't want to be dictated again like with how they were powerless over the British empire
The Federal govenment divided into three areas:
The Federal Government Constitution
The U.S. Capitol
Legeslative (law making)
Congress: House of Repersentatives and Senate
The White House
Executive: President and Vice President
The Supreem Court
Judicial: Supreem Court
There are 7 articles that make up the structure of the US govenment
Article 1: The Legislative Branch
The House of Representatives- 435 members who are determined by population
The Senate- 100 members who make the laws and are the most powerful
Artice 2: The Executive Branch
Consists of: US President and Vice President who are elected every 4 years
Responsibilities- make appointments, sign legistations passed by congress, form treaties
Article 3: The Judicial Branch
Consists of: Supreem Court and Lower Courts/ 9 'Justices' sit in Supreem Court
Responsibilities- Resolves issues between states and interprets constitution