Citizens Advice Bureau
- Government funded
- Specialises in common social problems e.g. housing, welfare, employment.
- Volunteer staff e.g. solicitors offer advice
- Found in most towns (over 3000 in the UK).
- Free and not means tested
- Nationally and Locally available
- Good expertise in common social problems
- Do not specialise in all areas of law
- Unable to represent clients in court
- High demand means it is difficult to gain appointment
- Government funded by Legal Service Comission
- Free advice for qualified people
- Means tested on income and capital
- Offers specialist advice froms solicitors
- Good advice from solicitors
- Gives objective views on client's case
- Only low income earners will qualify
- Qualification depends on chances of winning the case.
- Legally qualified professionals
- Available throughout the UK
- Low cost intial interview to determine case strength
- Legally qualified
- Best source of advice
- Good relationship with client, if litigation occurs
- Sends letters to negotiate
- Most expensive legal advice as it is not free
- Minimal solicitors offer public funding
Civil Legal Representation
- Two stage test: Means tested - based on a certain level of income and capital. Public interest
- Little of no cost to the applicant
- More likely granted to vulnerable e.g. children/mentally ill.
- Government funded
- Professional solicitor of choice represents you
- Case would not go to court otherwise
- Reduces stres of court payments to applicant
- High cost to taxpayer
- Only available to those with limited income
- Not available for most civil cases e.g. small claims and personal injury
Conditional Fee Arrangements
- No win No fee
- Client and solicitor agree on costs before hand if the case is won
- Win => Client pays agreed fee + uplift of up to 100%. Success fee + insurance cost can be recoverable,
- Lose => Client pays other sides fees, plus court fees. Insurance policy helps to cover costs.
- No cost to tax payer
- Solicitor may work harder to win case
- Allows representationf or those who do not qualify for other schemes
- Winning at all costs may lead to unethical methods
- Insurance premiums may expensive
- Success fee may be out of proportion to case
- Court costs not covered
Private Funding and Insurance
- Choice of legal representation = more trust
- Better quality of representation
- Very expensive
- May lead to potential bankruptcy
Insurance ( Before and after the event)
- Common for motoring
- Before the event is small compared to costs of litigation
Disadvantage - After the event is expensive
Alternate Dispute Resolution
Alternatives to going to court, last resort.
- Maintains relationships
- More flexible than court
- Resolves dispute, => Reach decision themselves, => No need for representation, => Telephone, email or face to face, => Least common type of ADR
Advantages - Quicker than court. => Protects reputations. => Flexible decisions for both parties.
Cheaper and Private.
Disadvantages - Parties may not reach an agreement. => One party may have representation, leads to imbalance. => Lack of legal knowledge to solve disputes.