Voluntary Sector

-They vary enormously in their size, histry and services they provide 

-Include some well known groups (NSPCC,Samaritans) and some very small organisations that  are run solely by volunteers for specific needs or community 

-Rely heavily on charitable donations for their survival but may recieve support from central or local government, but government departments may sometimes pay charities to provide services on their behalf 

-Charities often provide services for the NHS,adult and social services and childrens services 

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Key Features of a Voluntary Organisation


-Are not run for personal profit, any surplus income is used to develop their services 

-Usually use volunteers for atleast some of their services 

-Are managed independantly of central governenments LA's

-NCVO (National Council for Voluntary Organisations) is the body that supports and promotes the work of the voluntary sector. 12000 members

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Private Sector

-Managed by commercial companies

-These are organisations that need to make a profit to stay in business

-Private care providers work in all sectors, including the provision of;

-Private schools, Nursery and preschool services, Hospitals, Domiciliary day care services, Residential and nursing homes for older people and Mental health services

-They are funded by;

-Fees paid directly by service users 

-Payments from health insurance companies 

-Grants and other payments from central and local government for services provided on their behalf 

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The Range of Settings That Provide H/S Care Servic


-Provide both in patient and outpatient services 

-Outpatient services include regular clinics, day surgery and other specialist daytime care 

-Inpatient services include treatment for individuals whose conditions require 24 hour specialist support 

-When a service user is referred to hospital, they have right to choose which hospital they wish to attend and consultant they would like to see 

-In hospitals, clinical departments are organised according to medical speciality 

-Orthopaedic = bone 

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The Range of Settings That Provide H/S Care Servic

-Day care centres/units 

-Provided for specific client groups 

-Most places are for older people, people with disabilites, people with learning difficulties and mental health issues

-The day services is designed to provide a friendly, stimulating and supporting environment for people who otherwise would be socially isolated 

-Offer educational faculties and support to help people progress into employment 

-Hospice Care

-Aimts to improve the quality of life of people who have incurable illnesses 

-Hospice care is holistic,providing for the physical,social,emotional and practical needs of the individual, their family and carers

-Care may be extended during the bereavement period 

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The Range of Settings That Provide H/S Care

-Residential Care 

-Refers to long term care of adults and children needng 24 hour care which cannot be provided adequately in their own home 

-2 types of care homes; Residential care home which provides help with personal care such as washing, dressing and taking medication. Nursing home, which provides personal care but also provides 24 hours nursing care by qualified nurses 

-Domiciliary Care 

-Sometimes called care at home

-Care may be short term like providing support following discharge from hospitals 

-Care may be long term like a service users wiith a disability or frail,old person 

-The support can vary from one visit to 24 hour care 

-Appropriate domiciliary care can ensure service users can live independantly 

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The Range of Settings That Provide H/S Care Servic

-Domiciliary services may include;

-Small maintenance jobs 

-Deliver meals to service users homes

-Help at home 

-Making adaptations 

Providing company and arranging social activities

-Arranging transport 

-Installing security equipment 

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The Range of Settings That Provide H/S Care Servic

-The workplace 

-Occupational health services aim to keep a workplace fit and healty so that they are able to carry out duties

-These services are provided by an employer to support the people that they employ

-This can include access to nurses based in the workplace or referral to a doctor 

-Referrals may be a counsellor if an employeeis suffering work related stress

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