Treaties after WWI

Flash Cards for OCR GCSE History revison (spec as of 2013) inculding the Big 3's aims, the Treaty of Veasllies and Germany's reaction to it. The other peace setllements and their impacts.

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Big Three's desires - the awesome David Lloyd Gero

lib dem - friends with Winston Churchill - Only ever  welsh PM (faced the female sufferage)
Ophran- brought up by his unxle in near poverty - poor boy maded good
KNown to be sneaky plus play jokes (madrauder) 
brilliant lawyer and potication - excellent talker (diplomat)
UK Wanted
Harsh punishments for germany - very strong negative options towards germany
David Lloyd Geroge Wanted
improve international realtions/trade (be nice!)  -a lasting peace - a just punishment for the germans but not one harsh so that there is 'bad blood' between germany and england 
stabilty for the Britsh empire - bigger
Election was coming up so he also wnated/needed to applease the citzens to get re-elected
Friendships with the Big Three
Clemenceaus tries to hit him
Wilson wants to get rid of the coliones - BAD

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Big Three's desires - Woodrow Wilson USA

rich boy
highly respected/infulcantly family
private schooled
USA Wanted
Isolation - exsepecailly agasint Europe
WW Wanted
Fair treaty for all
14 points - Jan 1918 publ.
self detrmination
Friendships with the Big Three
Believes the other two where far to slefish an were putting there own awants first - believes he has the higher moral ground

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Big Three's desires - Georges Clemenceau FRA


Journalist + poltican since 1870

USA Wanted

Most harsh opptions
germany to be compltely destroyed
compltely safe  in the future

WW Wanted

saftey from future attacks
companstion (6.3 million?)

Friendships with the Big Three

Believed wilston to be too idealist and had no trust in the awesome David Lloyd George

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Treaty Terms - Verasllies

1) WAR GULIT - although appearing simple its the most complicated. Germany was forced to take all the blame for the war although they had some of the least amount of gulit             2) REPARTIONS/COMPENSATIONS - The big 3 argeed (without Germany present) that germany  had to pay fincally for the damage done in the war although there ecomeny was in tatters and its people were starving                                                                                   3) LAND - Germany's overseas empire was completey removed, and 10 percent of ot european land went inculded 12.5% of its population, 16% of its cornfeilds, almost 50% of its steel and iron industry which was dreadful for a country whoses ecomeny was ruined and had to pay its loans and repartions for the war. On top of ths they had to pay for there own damages they faced due to the war.                                                                                 4) DEMILARISATION - (pride) the army is limited to 100.000 men - non-constribution. no amored vehciles, submarines or air crafts. maxium of 6 battleships and Rhineland (boarder to france) completely demilatrised. This was not enough for a country of this size.                5) LON - League of nations set up.

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Treaty Terms - Verasllies - Germany's reaction

Popagada lead  to german citizens believing there was only a cease fire in place and they did not lose the war.

Horror + Outrage

others believed that germany was operating upon double standards.

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Treaty Terms - Nevilly 1919

Dealt with Bulgaria

Got out of the war lightly compared to the other parties
Lost lands to Romania and Yugoslavia
army limited to 20,000 men
ACCESS to the meddrain (limits trade and movment of army ect.)
£100 million to be payed in repartions

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Treaty Terms - ST. Germane 1919

Dealt with Austria
army limited to 30,000 men
empire collapsed the year previous
Economic problems
mostly a treaty to organise chaos
Bohemia, Galicia and Moravia goes to the new state of Czechoslovakia - lots of industry
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia goes to the new state of Yugoslavia
Italy wanted more land from the treaty
Gave many places self-determination
Separated Austria from Hungary

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Treaty Terms - Trianon 1920

Dealt with Hungary
Focused on the transfer of terroites
Hungary lost a substantial amount of its terroity, and its population.
Hungary was meant to pay repartions, however its ecomeny was weak and never recovered enough to pay them
Transylannia goes to Romania
Slovakia, Ruthenia goes to Czchoslovakia
Slovenia, Croatia goes to Yugoslavia

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Treaty Terms - Sevres 1920

Dealt with Turkey
Lost control of the Black Sea
Had formally accept that there former empire were now independent or belonged to Britain/France (including Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco)
UN successful - lead to Treaty of Lausanne of 1923
Still a troubled/un-stable region
Smyrna goes to Greece
Syrina is mandate under Frances control

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Treaty Terms - the Impact on Central and Eastern

The treaty created three brand new countries (Czechslovakia, Poland and Yugoslavia) These states were meant to be economically and poltically stable as that was what Europe didn't have and needed.


A key country for the palns of the western allies. Mostly carved out of the old austrain Empire plus land taken from Germany. The allies insured it contained industrail areas from the pervous empires. Czechslovakia also comtained alot of differnt nationalities.


Was very importa. in 1600 but got swalloed up by Russia, Austria and Geramny by the late 1700. The big 3 were keen to reinstate it to get it to work as a watch dog on germany and be barrier agasint the growing commuism in Russia. Treaties put Poland together as an independent country, its western frontiers settled with germany during the ToV. Eastern frontiers harder to put in place (evenually settled in 1921 with help from britsh dipolmat Lord Curzon - temporary settled at Curzon line). Poland had no natural forntier (rivers, mountains 

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Treaty Terms - the Impact on Central and Eastern

ect.) making it vunarable to attacks. 30% of population weren't even Polish! In order for poland to have access to the sea it is given a strip of land (German) around the city of Danzig. Later nicknamed the Polish Corridor, its lost greatly upset Germany and was resented bitterly.


this was the most complicated of the new states created at ToV. Formed by merging Serbia with a number of its neighbours, most of whomed where a part of the Hungary-Austria Empire BWW1. IN a form, it shows Wilson's desire of self-determination in action as many people there wanted to part from there pervous empire. Yogoslavia was very large and powerful.

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