Leadership Styles

Different leadership styles within businesses.

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Authoritarian

  • All decision making is done by the management

ADVANTAGES:

- always clear exactly what is wanted

- tasks precisely defined

DISADVANTAGES:

- subordinates not able to have their say

- low motivation and enthusiasm

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Laissez-faire

  • "Let it be" - general guidelines are set. Employees have freedom to achieve targets however they like

ADVANTAGES:

- allows for innovation

- motivated employees

DISADVANTAGES:

- employees not always clear what they are supposed to do

- conflicts easily arise

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Democratic

  • Juniors and employees are involved in the decision making process.

ADVANTAGES:

- highly motivating

- increased loyalty because employees can see their suggestions taking place

DISADVANTAGES:

- sometimes their inputs are not taken into account

- managers can persuade

- can undermine authority of management

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Bureaucratic

  • Similar to authoritarian - management dominated by rules and regulations

ADVANTAGES:

- employees can be certain of the decisions that will be made

DISADVANTAGES:

- inflexible

- no room for new ideas

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Hands-on

  • Managers visit departments to check on progress and lead by example

ADVANTAGES:

- manager has better knowledge of how the organisation works

DISADVANTAGES:

- visits may be seen as a threat/disruption to the runnings of the business

*It depends a lot on the personality of the manager*

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