• Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 06-04-15 11:51

Characteristics of a good leader

  • confident
  • organised
  • inspirational
  • good communicator
  • knowledgeable
  • visionary
  • good decision maker
  • interpersonal skills
  • approachable
  • determined
  • empathy
  • charismatic
  • motivational
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Prescribed and emergent leaders

Emergent leader – group approval/elected by the team

  • high levels of respect and support from team members
  • recogniseable leadership skills
  • high levels of ability in their sport
  • maintain group harmony
  • tend not to bring any fresh/new ideas

Prescribed leader – appointed by external authority to lead the group

  • good for bringing in new ideas 
  • disruptive to group harmony
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Fielder's contingency model

Task oriented leaders

  • focuses on performance of the team -> achieving set goals
  • direct + authoriative
  • used in most/least favourable situations

Person oriented leaders

  • develops interpersonal relationships 
  • keep open lines of communication/maintain positive and social interactions
  • used in moderately favourable situations
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Fielder's contingency model

Most favourable situation - task oriented

  • leader respected by group/has good relationship with group
  • group highly motivated
  • group high ability
  • clear task/goal/roles
  • good resources/equipment/facilities 

Moderately favourable situation - person oriented

  • leader has friendly relationships with group
  • limited physical resources 
  • limited external support
  • moderate motivation levels

Least favourable situation - task oriented

  • poor relationships with group/leader has little authority
  • low-ability/poor motivation
  • no discipline structure
  • poor physical resources
  • complex/unstructured task
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Types of leadership

Autocratic style

  • 'command' approach
  • task oriented - make sure the task is completed
  • sole-decision maker
  • rarely get invloved with group members on personal level
  • effective in team sports -> when greater numbers of performers are involved/time is limited

Democratic style

  • cooperative approach + more person oriented
  • leader only makes decision after consulting the group
  • strive to keep open lines of communication/maintain positive social interactions/ensure everyone is involved
  • effective in individual sports/coaching situations/lots of time available

Laissez-faire style

  • group members get on with task by themselves
  • leader plays a passive role/provides little feedback
  • not reccommended in sport
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Chelladurai's multi-dimensional model

Leaders must be able to adapt to the situation

Situational characteristics - opponent's ability

Leader's characteristics - their ability/preferred leadership style

Member's characteristics - ability of group and relationships within it

Required behaviour - determined by the situation

Preferred behaviour - the performer’s ideal behaviour of the leader

Actual leader behaviour - the leader’s action towards the performer

-> The closer the leader’s behaviour is to that expected by performer the greater chance of optimal arousal/performance will be of a high quality/levels of satisfaction

-> Having all three behaviours in congruence is ideal 

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