Latin Vocabulary (Cambridge Latin Course)

  • Created by: lilyemma
  • Created on: 02-03-17 19:47

Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) I

mitt-o (present - i am sending/send)

  • -is = you (s)
  • -it = he/she
  • -imus = we
  • -itis = you (pl)
  • -unt = they

future (i will send):

  • mitt-am
  • mitt-es
  • mitt-et
  • mitt-emus
  • mitt-etis
  • mitt-ent
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Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) II

imperfect (I was sending/used to send):

  • mitte-bam
  • mitte-bas
  • mitte-bat
  • mitte-bamus
  • mitte-batis
  • mitte-bant

mitt-ere (infinitive - to send)

pluperfect (I had sent):

  • mis-eram
  • mis-eras
  • mis-erat
  • mis-eramus
  • mis-eratis
  • mis-erant
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Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) III

imperfect subjuctive

  • mittere-m
  • mittere-s
  • mittere-t
  • mittere-mus
  • mittere-tis
  • mittere-nt

mis-i (I [have] sent)

  • -isti = you (s)
  • -it = he/she
  • -imus = we
  • -istis = you (pl)
  • -erunt = they
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Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) IV

future perfect (I will have sent):

  • mis-erim
  • mis-eris
  • mis-erit
  • mis-erimus
  • mis-eritis
  • mis-erint

pluperfect subjunctive:

  • mis-isse-m
  • miss-isse-s
  • mis-isse-t
  • mis-isse-mus
  • mis-isse-tis
  • mis-isse-nt
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Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) V

miss-us (perfect participle - passive - having been sent)

  • -a (feminine)
  • -um (neuter)

future participle (about to send):

  • miss-ur-us (masculine)
  • miss-ur-a (feminine)
  • miss-ur-um (neuter)

perfect passive (I have been sent):

  • missus sum
  • missus es
  • missus est
  • missus sumus
  • missus estis
  • missus sunt
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Active Endings VERBS (4 Principal Parts) VI

pluperfect passive (I had been sent):

  • missus eram
  • missus eras
  • missus erat
  • missi eramus
  • missi eratis
  • missi erant

key points:

  • Basic person endings (-o. -s. -t. -mus. -tis, -nt) used for present, future, imperfect, pluperfect, future perfect, indicative, active and ALL TENSES of subjuctive.
  • The Perfect Tense has its own set of endings (-i, -isti, -it, -imus, -istis, -erunt)
  • Passive endings (-r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur) eg: ama-tur = he is loved. These endings are the same for the present (parat-ur = he is being prepared), imperfect (para-bat-ur = he was being prepared) and future (para-bit-ur = he will be prepared)
  • Deponent verbs are passive in form but active in meaning, eg: 'conor' looks passive but it is translated active (I try) and so is deponent. Their infinitives end in -i
  • The Future Tense has different endings depending on the conjugation (1st and 2nd conjugation verbs have the endings -bo, -bis, -bit, -bimus, -bitis, -bunt) (3rd and 4th -am, -es, -et, -emus, -etis, -ent)
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