OCR Latin Roman Life

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  • Created by: Nat
  • Created on: 20-05-10 12:15

The Baths

People visited the baths in the mid afternoon. Paid a small admission fee and headed for:


  • Play games with friends
  • Throwing a heavy ball
  • Fencing
  • Wrestling
  • Discus etc
  • The games were meant to be fun and not taken too seriously
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The Baths


  • Long changing room
  • Clothes handed to a slave attendant
  • Places in recesses along the walls
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The Baths


  • Warm room
  • The people sat on benches in a steamy atmosphere
  • Good place for chatting
  • Prepares them for the caldarium
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The Baths


  • The Hot room
  • Large recctangular marble bath at one end
  • This was the full width of the room and filled with hot water
  • After soaking they called a slave to rub them down on marble bench with oil
  • The oil and dirt is moves away with a strigil (blunt scraper)
  • Then there is a masseur
  • Stone basin at other end for a cold rinse
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The Baths


  • Cold room
  • Take a plunge in a deep circular pool
  • Unheated water
  • Then they would dry and redress them selves
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The Baths


  • Fires lit beneath floor held up by bricks
  • The hot air rises in gaps or flues between the floor and walls heating the rooms
  • It was efficient because the Caldarium was closest to the fires and the Frigidarium was furthest away meaning temperatures were correct.
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The Baths

Why did people visit?

People visited the public baths as many couldn't afford to have private naths at home. But they didn't just visit to get clean!

  • Social event
  • Larger baths had restraunts, libraries and snack bars
  • Many met up with friends
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The Baths


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The Elections

The Elections

  • Held every year in mid March
  • Only adult men could vote and stand
  • If those who were elected could not take satisfactory control then the central government in Rome took charge of the area
  • 2 Aediles and 2 Duoviris were elected by the local people
  • Men who wanted to stand needed to be walthy as the were expected to contribute

The Council

  • This consisted of around 100 leading male citizens
  • Many were old aediles or duovires
  • The council elected new members itself, no votes were held
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The Elections

Election fever

  • Many people wrote graffiti on shop walls to show their support or dislike of certain candidates, this was often at night so as not to get caught
  • Candidates greeted voters
  • Gave out illegal bribes of money
  • Made promises tp put on more shows etc
  • The candidates wore special chalk whitened togas
  • The modern word candidate comes from the latin candidus-bright white

The Winners- successful candidates got and were expected to:

  • Put on shows
  • Repair or build public buildings
  • High importance yet no pay
  • Good seats at the theatre and amphitheatre
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The Elections


They were in charge of:

  • Police Force
  • Public Baths
  • Places of Entertainment
  • Supervising Markets
  • Sewage and Water works
  • Other public services
  • Ensuring local taxes were spent wisely
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The Elections


  • They were the senior pair of officials

They were in charge of:

  • Hearing evidence in the law court
  • Giving judgement in the law court
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The Theatre


  • Performances were put on several times a year by wealthy people, often those who wated support in the elections
  • Shops were closed and no business was done
  • People left early in the morning to get good seats
  • Many took food and drink as performances went on all day
  • People sometimes took cushions to sit on as the stone seats could be uncomfortable
  • Important people and town councillors received bone tokens reserving them a wider seat with a better view
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The Theatre

Keeping Cool

  • Plays went on into the afternoon, the hottest part of the day
  • To provide shade and keep spectators cool there were large awnings on ropes and pulleys
  • These awnings were not operated on windy days
  • Attendants sprinkled scented water to cool people and to make the theatre smell less sweaty
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Pantomime Actors

  • The actors mimed as a chorus sang the lyrics
  • An orchestra provided a rhythmical beat
  • They were admired for their skill and stamina
  • The were usually Greek slaves or freedmen
  • They travelled around giving shows in many different areas
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The Theatre

Comic Actors

  • Performed rude jokes
  • Slapstick
  • Often mocking country life
  • They wore vulgar masks
  • These masks were probably made from linen covered with plaster
  • They were then painted
  • The masks made characters instantly recognisable
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  • Amphitheatres seated the whole town
  • No admission fee as wealthy people hosted them to gain popularity
  • Shows were advertised on walls
  • There were gladiatorial shows
  • Sometimes there were sea battles

On the day

  • Trumpet blared and priests performed a religious ceremony
  • Gladiators paraded the arena saluting the sponsor
  • Gladiators were paired to fight
  • Many people placed bets on the outcomes
  • The contests began
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  • Gladiators were often slaves
  • Prisoners of war
  • Or Free volunteers

Ludus Gladiatorius

  • Gladiator School
  • Taught to fight with a wooden sword and straw man
  • Supervised by ex gladiators
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Gladiators armour


  • Oblong shield
  • Short sword


  • Round shield
  • Curved sword or dagger
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Gladiators Armour cont...


  • Sword and shield
  • Wore helmet with a crest like a fish


  • Retia (nets)
  • 3 pronged trident

There were sometimes gladiators with spears, on horseback or on chariots. Sometimes, to add variety there were women gladiators

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End of the Fight

  • The fight ended with the death or surrender of one of the gladiators
  • If they surrendered they could appeal to the audience by lifting their arm
  • Spectator showed their wishes by putting their thumbs up or down
  • The final decision fell to the sponsor of the show
  • A gladiators life would only usually be spared if he was well known with many victories to his name.

End of a Career

  • If a gladiator survived for a long time he was presented with a wooden sword
  • This was a high honour
  • It meant he woiuld not have to fight again
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  • Wild animal hunts
  • Wild animals (bestiae) were released from their cages in the arena
  • Trained beast fighters (bestiarii) hunted them
  • Common animals were, lions, hares, bulls, boars and wolves


  • Wore light clothing
  • Relied on a thrusting spear and agility
  • The fight ended when all the animals and some hunters had been killed
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The forum was the towns centre of business, local government, religion, commercial and adminstrative life. It was very important.


  • Entered through large bronze gates
  • Surrounded on 3 sides by colonnade
  • Important buildings surrounding
  • Open area in centre with commemorations to Emperor, his family and prominent citizens of the community
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Typical Buildings/Shops

  • Wooden Stalls for Ironware, Knives, Hammers, Shoemakers etc
  • Temples (To Jupiter, North End)
  • Permanent stalls for meat, fish, veg etc
  • Weights and measures table to ensure fair measures
  • Colonnade of white marble for shade and a place to talk business
  • Pedestrians only, high upright stones preventing wheeled traffic
  • Basilica (Law courts)
  • Municipal offices
  • Polling station
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Thank you, will be v.helpful for exam =)

alex colton

Great cards, simple and effective :)

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