- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 31-10-19 09:36
- England was rich, paid invaders (10k then 36k coins) and weak.
- Alfred the Great fought off the Vikings and reformed English burhs.
- Invasions continued under Etheldred the Unready, who introduced the danegeld to pay them off. 1013, Sweyn of Denmark invaded and conquered England.
- Edward grew up in exile in Normandy- he had 6 older brothers.
- Ethelred was invited to rule when Swein died.
- Cnut invaded and killed Ed's brothers- Ed went back to Normandy.
- Queen Emma married Cnut (Ethelred's widow).
- After Dukes Richard II and III died, Duke Robert of Normandy arranged a fleet for his cousins.
- Ed was held up by the wind from invading England.
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- Introduced housecarls and gave Godwine Essex.
- Cnut died, leaving two main sons- Harold from Elfigu and Harthacnut from Emma.
- Harold was more popular in the Witan (minted coins show support).
- Emma seized Wincester's treasury with the coronation items.
- Emma made Ed try to invade- he raided Southhampton then left.
- 1036, Alfred visited Godwine and was blinded in Ely- this was Harold or Godwine's doing.
- Emma was exiled, and wrote to Harthacnut in Denmark.
- Harold died and Harthacnut became king.
- Harthacnut raised huge taxes and pillaged Worcester when they couldn't pay.
- Edward was invited to rule with him, then Harthacnut died.
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- Robert of Normandy went to the Holy land and named William heir.
- Herleva, his mother, was from a family of undertakers.
- Henry I anointed him. Most of his advisors and regents were murdred.
- 1046, his cousin Guy rebelled at Val-es-Dunes, and William and Henry fought him off.
- He also defeated Geoffrey Martel, who invaded Alencon.
- 1054, Geoffrey and Henry invaded Normandy, but William shadowed him and stopped him raiding villages for food, leaving them vulnerable to defeat.
- 1060, Geoffrey and Henry died.
- Harold visited normandy to swear an oath or rescue hostages.
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- Little contested, since he was crowned after 10 months.
- Threatened by Magnus of Norway, Emma (exiled) and Cnut's niece Gunhilde.
- Godwine, a well established leader gave Edward a ship and his daughter Edith.
- Celibacy, bad luck or infertility led to no hier being produced.
- Godwine was exiled then returned. (Lands confiscated and Edith in a convent)
- He then invaded, harrying the Isle of Wight and Sandwich, unitl Ed conceded.
- Built Westminster abbey, pious, very elaborate construct if made up.
- Edward the exile's son was named aethling or heir.
- Ongoing viking invasions and Welsh wars
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