Alliteration - repetition of letter at the beginning of word. "she saw sammy snake"
Assonance - repitition of vowel sound in a series of words
Onomatopoeia - 'crash' 'smash' 'hiss' 'bang'
Pathetic fallacy - weather
Parody exaggerated imitation
Sibilance - 's' sound
Similie - 'as brave as a lion' more emphatic
Juxtaposition opposites placed together
verb - doing words
noun - person, place or thing
phonology - study of sound
Cataphoric referencing - uses a series of pronouns before inroducing proper noun
Pauses/micropauses - a short pause for breath or thinking time
Semantic - concerned with meaning. When a group of words are together with simiar connotaions, they're part of one "theme" or semantic field.
Dialect - the version of language spoken by particular people in a particular area, such as Scots.
Colloquial - language that is used in speech with an informal meaning; 'chill', 'out of this world', 'take a rain check'.
Engjambment - a device used in poetry where a sentence continues beyond the end of the line or verse. This technique is often used to maintain a sense of continuation from one stanza to another.
Imagery - similes, metaphors and personification; they all compare something 'real' with something 'imagined'.
Irony - the humorous or sarcastic use of words or ideas, implying the opposite of what they mean.
Pathos - language that evokes feelings of pity or sorrow.
Dialoque - conversation between two people; sometimes an imagined conversation between the narrator and the reader. This is important in drama and can show conflict through a series of statements and challenges, or intimacy where characters mirror the content and style of each other's speech. It can also be found in the conversational style of a poem.
Hyperbole - exaggerating something for literary purposes which is not meant to be taken literally; we gorged on the banquet of beans on toast
Personification - attributing a human quality to a thing or idea: the moon calls me to her darkened world.
Emotive language - Language that relates or refers to emotions
Oxymoron - two words placed next to each other to show contrast
Expressive talk - Communicating feelings, ideas, emotions and opinions.
Connotations - An association, idea or feeling that is conjured up
Cohesion - When lexis in a text creates a chain of meanings throughout a text
Acquisition - the process by which language skills are developed – particularly in infancy
Conjunction - a word which connects words or other constructions
Analogy - comparing the likeliness of 2 things