Language and Technology

Revision notes on Language and Technology

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  • Created by: Jordi
  • Created on: 12-05-12 12:42


The main lingustic features associated with texting include:

  • Phonetic spelling;
  • Variant spelling;
  • Little/no punctuation;
  • Vowel omission;
  • Initialisms;
  • Incomplete clauses;
  • Acronyms;
  • Simple sentences.

Some of the reasons why such features occur in text messages:

  • There are sometimes constraints on the number of characters allowed in each text which has shaped 'Text Speak.'
  • 'Text Speak' is the language used when sending text messages and has evolved due to the need to communicate quickly.


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Features of webpages include:

  • Synthetic personalisation (Look out for the use of personal pronouns and direct address such as 'you' and 'me');
  • House-Style;
  • Updated throughout the day;
  • More dynamic that traditional writing;
  • Side bars;
  • Interactive;
  • Hyperlinks;
  • More permanent than traditional speech.
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TV and Radio

The main features of TV language include:

  • Long pauses;
  • Support of visual cues;
  • Incomplete sentences;
  • Minimal information;
  • Initiatives to increase audience participation;
  • Asymmetrical power structure.

The mains features of Radio language include:

  • One-to-many interaction;
  • Demagogic medium;
  • Full sentences;
  • Listeners have to rely on what is being said;
  • Aysymmetrical power structure;
  • Lots of information.
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Radio Call Ins and Sports Commentaries

Radio Call ins:

  • Minor sentences;
  • Elliptical forms;
  • Phatic tokens;
  • Politeness theory;
  • Co-operative principles/ Conversations Maxims;
  • Simple and Undemanding vocabulary;
  • Pauses are rare.

 Sports Commentaries:

  • Spontaneous and instantaneous;
  • Minor sentences;
  • Article omission;
  • Elliptical forms;
  • Swap between present and past tense;
  • Audience expected to understand reference to rules/ use of surnames;
  • Verbal Auxillaries. 
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The main features of E-mails include:

  • Lack of punctuation;
  • Turn-taking discourse;
  • Graphological features to convey feelings/emotions;
  • Very similar to texting;
  • Used for phatic conversation;
  • Deixis;
  • Framing;
  • Register depends on discourse;
  • Time delayed dialougue;
  • Alloes fast communication.
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The main features of Telephony include:

  • Synchronous discourse;
  • Accomodation;
  • Turn-taking;
  • Adjaceny pairs;
  • Few pauses;
  • Non-verbal aspects of speech such as intonation;
  • Non-fluency features such as fillers;
  • Ellipsis;
  • Dyadic medium;
  • Supportive overlap;
  • Shares many features of face-to-face interaction.
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Social Networking, Chat Rooms and Internet Relay C

Features of Social Networking, Chat Rooms and Internet Relay Chat include:

  •  Messages displayed as threads;
  • Trolling;
  • Asynchronous discourse;
  • Lexical accomodation;
  • Easy to use interface;
  • Multiple overlap is common;
  • Turn-taking;
  • Opening sequences;
  • Lack of punctuation;
  • Paralinguistic markers.
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David Crystal

Nettiquette: Respecting the privacy of others on the internet.

Neteracy: Literacy of the interenet.

David Crystal stated that internet communication is becoming more and more informal due to capitalisation omission and the lack of punctuation.

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Useful especially considering i'm utterly useless with Language and Technology

Bethany Cunningham


Very useful! Thank you very much.

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