Changing Lagos

  • Lagos' original site was on Lagos island.
  • By 1960, the city had expanded northwards as a result of a railway line.
  • Growth accelerated in the 1970's as a result of the oil  boom in Nigeria as people flocked to the city looking for work.
  • Living standards fell in the city between 1980 and 1990 but the city continued to grow.
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Pull Factors

  • Highest availability of jobs in Lagos than anywhere else in Nigeria.
  • Better quality and variety of schools and universities.
  • Lower rates of unemployment in Lagos.
  • Unskilled jobs in the informal sector available.
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Push Factors

  • Low wages and hard labour of farming.
  • Fewer jobs opportunities exist other than farming.
  • Climate chaneg creating unpredictable weather.
  • Political unreast and  threat of terrorism from Boko Haranm in the north.
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Water Access (Lagos' slum Makolo)

  • Houses with all 3 - kitchen, bath and toilet. 10%
  • Houses without any of the 3 -kitchen, bath and toilet. 38%
  • People collecting water from a well or borehole. 55%
  • People with piped water to their house. 11%
  • Houses without any form of sewage. 90%
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