Kibera - Squatter Settlement

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  • Created by: Jiya
  • Created on: 06-04-16 16:22


  • Kibera population 800,000 - 1 million
    • Nairobi population 2 million
  • homes made of wood, mud and corrugated iron
  • densely packed housing
  • no proper infrastructure
    • no roads
    • no planned areas
    • no rubbish collection
  • scarcely and amenities
    • no electricity lines
    • no plumbing
    • poor quality of life
  • raw sewage canals
  • paths between houses, narrow, irregular and have sewage through the middle
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Effects on People

  • 100,000 children orphaned due to AIDs / HIV
  • 60% of the population lived in squatter settlements
    • on 5% of the land
  • 800,000 - 1 million people live in shanty town area of only 255 hectares
    • people only have 1m³ of space each
  • many children die eaach year from drinking diseased water
  • 15% women have AIDs due to lac of healthcare
  • 50 families share 1 toilet pit as there are no sewage systems or space
    • diseases, like diarrhoea, spread
  • highest paid job is prostitution
    • £4-15
    • HIV spreads further due to lack of treatment
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Self Help Schemes

  • local authorities provide building materials and locals provide labur supply
  • Kibera Self Help Youth Group organisation ran by locals
    • small loans offered to people to set up businesses or move from the slums
    • collect local waste to be sold for recycling
      • reused or sold to recycling companies
    • formed a car wash service
      • creates jobs and generates income for young people in slums
    • created sports cubs
      • bringing local youths together instead of forming street gangs
  • Sunny Money provides cheap solar devices for locals, used for electricity, so locals save money
    • 322,000 solar devices sold in February 2013
  • Pee Poo Project provides biodegradable bags for residents to put their human waste in
    • used as fertiizer for crops
    • costs 3 Kenyan Shillings
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Site and Services to Improve Kibera

  • Kenyan Water and Health Organisation, WaterCan and WaterSun, have set up water sanitation schemes
    • provide fixed source of water that reduces the number of water bourne diseases by improving water sanitation
    • recently teams have put in place three 100,000 litre water tanks and installed toilets
    • Practical Action has provided residents with low cost roofing tiles
      • made from sand and clay
      • also create building clocks that are cheaper than concrete
  • local authorities provide water, electricity and a sewage system with the money saved
  • new project of 2003 planned to re-house residents
    • 700 families rehoused in first year and involved in plans of funding 650 million Kenyan Shillings
  • 2 main water pipes, 1 provided by local council, 1 by the World Bank
    • 3 Kenyan Shillings per 20 litres of water
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Local Authority Schemes

  • 2 main water pipes, 1 providedby council, 1 by World Bank
    • costs 3 Kenyan Shillings per 20 litres
  • 15 year clearance scheme project began in 2003 to rehouse residents
    • 700 families re-housed into blocks with running water, toilets, showers and electricity
    • residents have been involved in plans and funding of this scheme
  • UN Human Settlement Programme provides affordable electricity in parts of the slum
    • charging 300 Kenyan Shillingss per shack
  • Practical Action provide low costing roof tiles made of sand and clay to many residents of slum
    • allows them to have better accomodation
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