Keywords Unit J

All the Keyword you NEED to know for your exam

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  • Created by: Dami
  • Created on: 14-05-10 01:20

Beliefs and Values

  • Monotheism - belief in one God
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  • Trinity - The belief that God id three in One
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  • Unity- God's ways of Being One
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  • Crucifixion - A roman death Penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed to the cross
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  • Christ- The messiah or the anointed One
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  • Incarnation - The belief that God took Human form in Jesus
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  • Resurrection - the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world, when it is raised. Also means Jesus being Raised from the dead.
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  • Virgin Birth - The belief that Jesus was not conceived through Sex
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  • Dove - when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, It implies Peace
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  • Fire - when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, It implies Purifying Power
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  • Wind - when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, It implies Power
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  • Faith - Belief in something without Total proof
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  • Forgiveness- to stop blaming someone and/or pardon them for what they have done wrong
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  • Reconciliation - bringing together people who were opposed to each other
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  • Repentance - the act of being sorry for wrongdoing and deciding not to do it again
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  • Apostolic - the belief that the church can only be understood in the light of the apostles
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  • Catholic - Universal or Worldwide
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  • holy - Holy of, or relating to, God. Sacred
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  • Body of Christ - The belief that the church is Christ's Body in the world continuing his work
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  • Communion of Saints - all Catholics, both alive and Dead are joined Together and can pray for one another
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  • Bishops - They are Ordained Men who have a special Vocation and are chosen by the pope. They are responsible for all the churches in a diocese.
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  • Deacons - those called to assist Bishops, especially in caring for the needy.
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  • Magisterium - the pope and bishops interpreting the bible and tradition for catholics today.
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  • Papacy - the office of the pope
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  • Laity - those who share the mission of the church without being ordained
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  • Celibacy - living without engaging in any sexual activity.
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  • Ordination - making someone a priest, bishop or deacon by the Sacrament of Holy Orders.
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  • Bible - the holy Book of Christians with 66 books split in to Old and New testament
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  • Apostolic Succession - the belief that the bishops and the pope continue the mission Jesus gave to peter and the Apostles
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  • Dogmas - The beliefs of the Catholic Church.
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  • Chrism - The oil used in Baptism, confirmation and ordination
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  • Vows - Solemn promises made to God.
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  • Water - used in Baptism as a sign of purification
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  • Renewal of Baptismal Vows - confirming and deepening the solemn promises made at baptism.
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  • Liturgy of the Eucharist - the Last Supper is re-enacted and the bread and wine, which is Tran substantiated to become the body and blood of Jesus, is distributed.
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  • Liturgy of the word - Bible readings in the second part of the mass
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  • Penitential Rite - the confession and absolution at the beginning of Mass.
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  • Real presence - the belief that Jesus is Present in the bread and wine of the Eucharist,
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  • Rite of Communion - Receiving the body and blood of Jesus
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  • Sacrifice - a surrender of something valuable for the sake of others
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  • Tabernacle - a safe place in which is kept the blessed sacrament/ consecrated Hosts.
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  • Absolution - through the action of the priest, God Grants pardon and peace.
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  • Contrition - sorrow for the sin committed and deciding not to sin again.
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  • Penance - an action showing contrition.
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  • Viaticum - food for the Journey
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  • Christmas - Festival celebrating the birth of Christ
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  • Lent - Forty days set aside for prayer and fasting
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  • Holy week - the week beginning with Palm Sunday, remembering the last week of Jesus' Life
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  • Easter - festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus
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  • The ten commandments - the ten rules for living given to God by Moses
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  • The sermon on the mount - Jesus' description of Christian Living Found in Matthew's Gospel
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  • Displaying Religion - making a show of your religion for example, by praying i the street
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  • Judgement - the act of Judging people and their actions.
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  • Golden Rule - the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you
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  • Service to other - Showing Christian Values by Helping other people
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  • Compassion - sharing the distress and sufferings of others
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  • Concern - to show compassion by becoming involved in other people's distress
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  • Oppressed - those who are made to suffer by others (especially by governments and the rich and powerful leaders)
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