Keywords: Socio-Cultural Studies (OCR) AS PE

REMEMBER:

  • Keywords must be included in exam answers
  • every point you make needs an example
  • the 10 mark question
    • what's good about it?
    • what's bad about it?
    • what have others said or written about it?
    • What do you think?
    • Why do you think that?
    • What is your evidence?
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Physical Activity

  • gets the body moving and the heart pumping more than you would be if you were at rest
  • this includes day-to-day activities such as walking upstairs
  • it's also an 'umbrella term'
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Physical Activity - the umbrella term

Physical Recreation Physical Education

Sport

Outdoor Recreaton Outdoor Education

Exercise/physical exercise

healthy balanced lifestyle

Lifetime sport

Lifelong physical activity

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Recommended amounts of physical activity

For a balanced active and healthy lifestyle.

How long should you exercise for?

How much intensity should you do?

1. recommendations for adults

2. recommendations for children and young people 

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Recommendations for a balanced active healthy life

Adults: minimum 30 minutes, moderate intensity physical activity, 5 x per week

Children and young people: 60 minutes, moderate intensity physical activity, every day. At least two sessions should include higher impact activities to improve bone health, muscle strength and flexibility.

  • You can do the exercise in 10 minute chunks over the day.
  • Any activity that gets the heart and lungs working is suitable
  • moderate intensity means you can hold a conversation during exercise, feel a bit breathless but are back to normal within 10 minutes of stopping.
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Sedentary lifestyles

What are the factors contributing 

to increasingly sedentary lifestyles?

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The factors contributing to increasing

  • in the last 150 years Britain has changed from a rural to an urban society - less manual labourers and more people working in offices and at desks for the majority of their day
  • walking and cycling modes of transport have declined 20% over 25 years
  • exercise is a lifestyle choice not seen as a necessity
  • modern technology has reduced the need to move around with labour-saving gadgets such as cars, lifts, escalators, washing-machines,TV zappers,
  • more hours are spent in front of the TV and computer, on-line shopping
  • parents are fearful of children's safety walking to school
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Barriers to physical activity

What are the possible barriers to regular participation in physical activity by young people?

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The possible barriers to regular physical activity

OPPORTUNITY (time, money) PROVISION (available facilities) ESTEEM (confidence)

lack of:

  • energy
  • perceived ability/skills
  • friends who participate
  • suitable facilities nearby
  • money to join a gym
  • suitable or correct kit

Also:

  • anxiety - "I'm scared to walk in the streets in the evening"
  • "I prefer to stay in the warm and dry and out of the rain"
  • " I don't like exercise"
  • "I'm embarrassed to wear a swimming costume"
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Physical Recreation

activities that are:

  • at a relatively unsophisticated level
  • with a playful attitude
  • in a leisurely environment
  • emphasis on participation, not winning, enjoyment and satisfaction

e.g. a fun game of badminton in the garden

e.g. football in the park with mates using jumpers for goalposts and no kit

What are the benefits to physical recreational activities?

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The benefits to physical recreation

physical - learn new skills, improve CV fitness, maintain weight

mental - well-being, feel good factor, good mood

personal - stress relief, relaxation, increase confidence, enjoyable

social - meet people, feeling of belonging

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Outdoor Recreation

Young people learning in and about the natural environment. Outdoor education is part of PE involving risk/safety

What are the benefits of outdoor recreation?

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The benefits of outdoor recreation

  • Appreciation of the natural environment
    • get back to nature
    • escape from modern technology
    • tune in to inner self
  • respect for the natural environment
    • appreciate the need to preserve, conserve, value and protect the natural environment
  • gaining a sense of adventure
    • unpredictable
    • risky and sometimes dangerous
    • with safety precautions there is a sense of excitement and exhiliration

e.g. a walking holiday, skiing

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Physical Education

  • The learning of physical, personal, preparatory and qualitative values through physical activity in schools
  • 
  • Learning about physical activity by doing physical activity

What are the benefits of PE?

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Personal, Physical, Mental, Improve quality of lif

  • enjoyment, confidence
  • leadership, teamwork, loyalty
  • overcoming challenge
  • skill, knowledge of activities
  • health and fitness
  • coaching, officiating
  • preparation for leisure
  • preparation for a career
  • influence on lifestyle BAHL
  • experience excellence, mental well-being
  • asthetic awareness
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Outdoor Education

Can be part of structured PE programme - young people learning physical skills in the natural environment and taught by specialists.

It involves an element of risk - (natural disaster, or freak accident)

It involves an element of unpredicatability (weather changes)

Taking Part in outdoor education:

Benefits?

Constraints? (what prevents you from taking part?)

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The benefits and constraints of taking part in out

BENEFITS:

Physical - skills, health, knowledge of new skills

Personal - leadership development, decision-making

Preparation for active leisure - lifelong love of the outdoors

Quality of life enhanced - appreciate the environment, awareness of conservation issues

CONSTRAINTS:

distance to travel

expense or lack of specialist equipmnent, qualifed staff and time involved

safety concerns

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Sport

organised

competitive

skilful physical activity

requires commitment and fairplay

What makes sport a sport?

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What makes sport a sport?

  • tradition
  • vigorous
  • competition
  • administration - does it have a governing body with rules
  • behaviour
  • 

Describe cycling as a sport and cycling as recreational activity.

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Comments

Reece Evans

very good, thank you

Karen Wright

Great to use as flash cards

Cabbage

These are really good

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