Key Differences

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Biological

Issue: Atypical Behaviour Illness

Psychodynamic: Seen as determined by Psychologial factors.

Behaviourist: Due to maladptive learning

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Behaviourist

Issue: Role of Nurture - Key difference between people.

Psychodynamic: Emphasises nature with a lesser role of nurture.

Cognitve: Nature and Nurture Interact.

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Social Learning Theory

Issue: Research Focus on Human Behaviour.

Biological: Investigated agression and s*x-related behaviour in animals.

Behaviourist: Used rats and pigeons to study learning.

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Cognitive

Issue: Range of syudy areas - Processes and Development.

Behaviourist: Neglected many areas due to the limited focus on overt behaviour.

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Psychodynamic

Issue: Unconcious internal processes are the key to understanding how we feel and behave.

Humanistic: Focus on subjective experience.

Cognitive & SLT: Focus on internal mediating processes, however these are concious processes.

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Humanistic

Issue: People are basically free and responsible for their behaviour.

ALL OTHER APPROACHES TAKE A DETERMINSITIC VIEW. 

Behaviourist: Purely Deterministic.

Cognitvie: Soft Determinism.

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