Some people think that immortality is achieved through ressurection. Ressurection is the belief that the person is raised from the dead in some form. This could either be in a physical form or as an immortal soul. The ressurection of the person could take place at death, or at some funeral date at the end of time called judgement day, when some religions teach that everyone will be raised from the dead and be judged by god.
key points about the christian belief
Chrisitianity teaches about the ressurection of the body. For many christians, this is a spiritual body. For others, it is a new, immortal, physical body. Some christians believe that the individuals are raised from the dead and judged by god at death, when they either go to heaven or hell. Other christians believe that judgement takes place for everyone on judgement day. Catholics believe that individual souls, which will eventually go to heaven, exist first in a state called purgatory where they are cleansed of their sins and made ready for heaven.
Hindus believe that the soul is eternal. Their goal is to be united with the supreme reality (Brahman) and obtain moksha (release from samsara). At death, depending on the karma of the individual, the soul willl be reborn into a new body. Hindus do not see this as a positive thing- they believe that samsara is a painful process for the soul.
Key points about the Hindu Belief
There are two different views in hinduism about how the soul unites with Brahman
- the soul merges completely with brahaman and becomes the supreme reality. An anaology that is often used to explain this is a drop of water in the ocean. The soul is like a drop of water being added to the ocean- it looses its individualality and becomes the ocean (AVAITA MONIST)
- the soul uunites with Brahman b yt retains its identity. An analogoy that is often used to explain this is a green parrrot in a green tree. it blends in with the first tree and you cant see it seperately at first, but is still seperate from the tree. So the soul is like Brahman and close to Brahman, but it is still an individual soul (DVAITA DUALIST)
"AS THE EMBODIED SOUL CONTINUALLY PASSES IN THIS BODY FROM BOYHOOD TO YOUTH TO OLD AGE, THE SOUL SIMILARILY PASSES INTO A NEW BODY AT DEATH" BHAGGAVAD GITA 2:13