Key leaders

  • Created by: Elicia17
  • Created on: 31-07-18 11:01

Henry hunt:background

Sent to prison in 1800 (politics more radical)

One of the most famous and early radical leaders within the chartist movement

From Wiltshire

In younger years he had supported government against reformers

Volunteer for a local militia but he had challenged his commanding officer

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Henry hunt:speaker

He could inspire and control crowds of people

He had regularity, spoke in rallies and in the city

Favored peaceful, mass petitioning campaigns and worked against those who wanted to use violence to change the system

21st July 1819 in smithfield London he stopped a crowd being violent once a speaker was arrested

Local authorities had arrested him at Peterloo meeting in Manchester, Lancashire. He faced treason but charges was reduced, he was imprisoned for two years.

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Henry hunt:parliament

Stood up for parliament in Bristol in 1812

Lost his seat in 1832

Had mixed feelings about 1832 Great reform act

Made over 1000 speeches in parliament

Elected as MP for Preston in 1830 (remaining influential and popular)

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Oliver:background

Building surveyor, due to being in debt was sent to fleet prison in May 1816

Recruited as a home office spy in prison

Became friends with radical Charles pendrill, associate of colonel Edmund despard (leader of a gang that was executed for plotting to kill George III in 1803)

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Oliver:beginning

Pendrill introduced Oliver to Joseph Mitchell

April 1817, Mitchell and Oliver traveled to meet leading reformers in industrial districts

4th May, Mitchell was arrested by authorities and sent to cold bath field prison

Told reformers radicals in London was planning a uprising on 9th June and locals will join authorizes/ rebellions

Oliver was working as an agent for lord sidmouth Home Secretary

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Oliver:Spying

Men claimed to be victims of Oliver the spy and lord sidmouth

9th June Jeremiah brandreth led 300men on a march on Nottingham (arrested by the army when he approached the city)

Brandreth and two others were sentenced to death

35 of the men were charged with high treason

4th June Oliver seen by a reformer in Wakefield with a man major general John Byng (Oliver setting a trap)

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William pit:background

Born on 28th may 1759 in Kent

Graduated Cambridge at 17 years old

Elected to parliament at 21

1782 chancellor of the exchequer

Radicals George foxes lifelong political rival

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William pit:concerns

Imperial and foreign policy

Revolutionary France

1793 French declared war on Britian

India act of 1784 asserted increase government power over East Indian company and areas of India it had controlled

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William pit:Ireland

Act of union between Ireland and Britian in January 1801

Forced his resignation in 1801

Fierce rcompetition tal opposition to attempt abolishing restriction on Catholicism in Ireland

1798 there was a rebellion the Ireland influenced by the French Revolution

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William pit:parliament

December 1713 George III dismissed coalition and asked Pitt to form a government

Restore public finances imposed new taxes, income taxes and reduced smuggling and frauds

1784, general election where Pitt had won

At 24 together youngest prime minister (defeated in parliament but he had refused to resign)

He became prime minster again in May 1804

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Napoleon bondaparte:background

Jacobins (pro-democracy group)

Learnt French

Graduated from French military academy in 1785

Member of minor Corsican noblity (not wealthy)

Born on August 15th 1769 in Ajaccio, on the Mediterranean island of Corsica

Supported and part of French Revolution

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Napoleon Bonaparte:rise to power

1796 command French army to fight battles in Italy

1797 France and Austria sign Treaty of campo formio

Invasion on Egypt to wipe out British trade with India, July 1798 (he had abandon the army once saw they had lost)

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Napoleón Bonaparte:Coup of 18 Brumaire

November 1799 to overthrow French directory

Treaty of Amiens in 1802, British declare peace

June 1800 battle of Marengo he defeated enemies Austrians

Directory replaced by napoleon him buen Frances leading political figure

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Napoleon Bonaparte:downfall and abdication

1804 crowned himself as French emperor

1810 Russia had withdrew from continental system (1812 Russian war, 600,000 campaign began only 100,000 survived)

Peninsular War (1808-1814) Spanish, Portuguese and British drove France from Iberian peninsula

1813 battle of Leipzig loss it

6th April 1814 he was forced to abdicate

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George III:background

First Hanoverian monarch to use English as their first language

He had fifteen children

Born 4th June 1738 in London

Heir to thrown when father died in 1751

1761 he married charlotte of mecklenburgstrelitz

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George III:support

Bute resignation in 1763 did not solve crowns financial difficulties especially seven years War

Earl of bute was his first chief minister (isolated from senior politicians)

1770 he appointed lord north as his first minister

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George III: politics

Bills defeat in parliament was made George appoint William pit the younger (resignation in 1801)

1783 north and prominent Whig politician fox formed an coalition government

Regain popularity reform East Indian company

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George III:American war

He was deranged in 1810

1788,1989,1801 he faced serious illnesses caused by porphyria

Political aftermath and family quarrels put great strain on George

Died 29th January 1820

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