- Created by: Wilo_Hall
- Created on: 05-03-19 14:03
Phrases- Stings of words.
Noun phrase- determiner, modifier, noun e.g. the blue sky.
Prepostional phrase- starts with a prepostion e.g. in the morning, on the playground.
Verb phrase- string of verbs e.g. I am going to go.
Declarative- Statement e.g. Today is sunny.
Interrogative- Question e.g. Where is the sun?
Imperative- Command e.g. Blow up the sun.
Exclamatory- Urgent or dramatic e.g. THE SUN IS BEING BLOWN UP!
Clauses must have a main verb in them. They usually follow the pattern subject, verb, object.
Subject- The subject is the main topic or person performing an action and usually placed at the begining e.g. Will ran from the wolves last monday.
Verb- The verb element consists of one or more verbs and is found in the middle e.g. Will ran from the wolves last monday.
Object- The object element usually appears towards the end of the clause and has something happen to it as a result of the action e.g. Will ran from the wolves last monday.
Complements- The complement gives you added information about the subject of object e.g. Will ran from the vicious wolves last monday.
Adverbial- The adverbial element appears towards the end of the clasue and tells you when, where, how something happens e.g. Will ran from the wolves last monday.
Independent Clause- Is a clause that can stand on its own and follwos the usual clause patterns. They are found in simple and compound sentences.
Subordinate Clause- starts with a subordinating conjunction. They are found in complex sentences.
Minor Sentence- A minor sentence does not include a main verb or follow a classic patern e.g. TEN DEAD
Simple Sentence- A simples sentence consists of one subject and one main verb e.g. I killed ten people.
Compound Sentence- A compound sentence consists of at least two or more main clauses of equal value e.g. I killed ten people and I had to do it.
Complex Sentence- A complex sentence consists of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause e.g. I killed ten people, when I escaped the gulag.
Compound Complex Sentences- Two independent clauses and one subordinate clause e.g. I killed ten people and I had to do it, when I escaped the gulag.
Active & Passive
Active Voice- Subject performs the action e.g. The hunter slayed his quarry.
Passive Voice- Object perfomrs the action e.g. The quarry was slayed by the hunter.