kennedy and diem
- 800 military advisers in SV
- stepped up the financial aid to diem to enable him to increase his army
- emphasised counter-insurgency - green berets co-operated with the ARVN in these efforts.
increased military involvement
- military adivsers numbers rose
- increasing quantities of american weaponry came into SV
- increased involvement in SV kept secret from US public
- US provided helicopters and pilot advisers
- pilot advisers - transported troops, undertook reconnaissance missions and provided fire support for ARVN units.
- authorised the use of defoliants, sprayed from helicopters which stripped the trees and enabled better aerial observation.
- helicopters increased the mobility of diem's troops but soon lost their shock value.
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battle of ap back (january, 1963)
course of events
- vc force was located in ap bac (not too far from saigon)
- 2000 ARVN troops accompanied by 113 american personnel carriers, american-operated helicopters and bombers, and american advisers went to surround ap bac
- they did not know that there was as many as 350 guerillas there.
- the guerillas were keen to show that they could counter american firepower and they wanted a victory to boost morale
- ARVN troops refused to attack the VC at ap bac.
- 5 US helicopters and 3 pilots were lost and the ARVN troops refused to mount a rescue mission
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battle of ap back (january, 1963) - continued
reasons for US/ARVN failure
- strengh and preparedness of vc had been unexpected
- according to usa - the arvn's general cao was unwilling to fight
- diem was unwilling to listen to american advice on the deployment of his troops : he feared losing too many men and preferred to use his best CIA trained soldiers to keep himself in power
- americans had not helped in that they had delated the attack by a day to enable american helicopter polits to sleep off the excesses of new year's eve.
significance of ap bac
- drew unprecedented attention in the US where the SV performance was unfavourably reviewed.
- diem was probably militarily incapable of winning the war.
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