JOSEPH HAYDN -The Joke

headings

HideShow resource information

JOSEPH HAYDN - The Joke

Circumstances of Performance (When, where and why)

  • Composed for small intimate gatherings
  • A joke, false endings, bars of silence (bar 155) GP = General Pause
  • Hayden hired by a Prince
  • Chamber music

Tonality (Key)

  • (Bars 0-36) E flat major
  • (Bars 36-70) modulates to; A flat major, Fminor, E flat major
  • (Bars 71-172) E flat major
  • Largely diatonic except for occasional chromatic not (bar 64, A natural in viola)
1 of 4

Performing Forces (Interesting and unusual features)

  • Violin 1
  • Violin 2
  • Viola - alto clef
  • Violin cello

= STRING QUARTET

Texture (Layers)

  • Melody-dominated homophony
  • Pedal
  • Dominant Pedal articulation (bards 24-27)


2 of 4

Melody (Tune)

  • Use of appogiatura's (bars 14+16)
  • Frequent periodic phrasing, balanced 2 bar and 4 bar phrasing
    - stylistic feature of classical music 
  • Conjunct movement with occasional larger interval

Harmony (Chords)

  • Dominant 9th chords
  • Root position chords
  • 7th chords
  • V7 chords
  • Perfect cadence (bars 120-123)
  • Dissonance
  • Second inversion chords are left unresolved for humorous effect 
3 of 4

Rhythm Metre (Time Signature)

  • Rests play an important role, especially in setting up the joke at the end
  • Simple time
  • Little syncopation

Structure (Sections)

  • Extremely important, sonato form
  • Ternary form
  • RONDO
  • (Bars 0-36) I A I BA
  • (Bars 36-70) C
  • (Bars 71-107) ABA
  • (Bars 107-140) C1
  • (Bars 140-172) A (Adiagio) A1
4 of 4

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »