Japan Earthquake

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  • Created by: Sachin
  • Created on: 25-05-13 14:27

Background And Primary Effects


  • Took place on 11th March 2011.
  • 9.0 on the Richter Scale
  • Caused by Destructive plate margin: Pacific Plate (oceanic) and Eurasian Plate (continental)

Primary Effects:

  • 15,400 people died.
  • 144,000 buildings were destroyed.
  • Gas, electricity and water supplies were damaged.
  • Communication links and Road networks destroyed.
  • Dam north of Fukishma burst it banks and destroyed many homes.
  • A cruise ship carrying around 100 people swept away.
  • 2 million made homeless, mainly due to Tsumani.
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Secondary Effects

Secondary Effect

  • Nuclear power plant in Fukishma leaked radioactive waste, due to failure in cooling system due to no electricity. The level of radioactivity 40,000 times the normal level.
  • broken gas supplies meant that there was wide spread fires.
  • Damaged water and electricity supplies meant that people had no access to clean water and food began to be poisonous.
  • This meant dieases such as Cholera and Typhoid began to spread easily.
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Intimidate Responses

Intimidate Responses:

  • Withing minutes Japanese emerancy teams were mobalised.
  • Overall 100,000 began rescue and relief mission 
  • Japanese Red cross sent 230 teams to worst hit areas.
  • Schools setup to proivde sheter and 500,000 people lived in shelter.
  • NGOs also helped (eg sheter box sent 1500 boxes of aid.)
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Long Term Responses

Long Term Responses:

  • The Japanese government reviewed it predction of earthquakes and Tsunami and made improvements
  • They did this by improving communcation and sirens so people are more likely to be aware.
  • The government also reviewed the Tsumani floodgates, which had been ineffective agiasnt the 30m high wave and made improvements.
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