Background And Primary Effects
- Took place on 11th March 2011.
- 9.0 on the Richter Scale
- Caused by Destructive plate margin: Pacific Plate (oceanic) and Eurasian Plate (continental)
- 15,400 people died.
- 144,000 buildings were destroyed.
- Gas, electricity and water supplies were damaged.
- Communication links and Road networks destroyed.
- Dam north of Fukishma burst it banks and destroyed many homes.
- A cruise ship carrying around 100 people swept away.
- 2 million made homeless, mainly due to Tsumani.
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- Nuclear power plant in Fukishma leaked radioactive waste, due to failure in cooling system due to no electricity. The level of radioactivity 40,000 times the normal level.
- broken gas supplies meant that there was wide spread fires.
- Damaged water and electricity supplies meant that people had no access to clean water and food began to be poisonous.
- This meant dieases such as Cholera and Typhoid began to spread easily.
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- Withing minutes Japanese emerancy teams were mobalised.
- Overall 100,000 began rescue and relief mission
- Japanese Red cross sent 230 teams to worst hit areas.
- Schools setup to proivde sheter and 500,000 people lived in shelter.
- NGOs also helped (eg sheter box sent 1500 boxes of aid.)
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Long Term Responses
Long Term Responses:
- The Japanese government reviewed it predction of earthquakes and Tsunami and made improvements
- They did this by improving communcation and sirens so people are more likely to be aware.
- The government also reviewed the Tsumani floodgates, which had been ineffective agiasnt the 30m high wave and made improvements.
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