James and Religion

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  • Created by: Kate H
  • Created on: 21-01-15 14:05

Hampton Court Conference

Millenary Petition- April 1603

  • 'Eased and relieved' of popish practices E.g wedding rings and bowing to name of Jesus
  • Educated preaching ministry
  • Extensive but moderate- no attempt to get rid of bishops

Hampton Court Conference- January 1604

  • Requests put forward by petition
  • King James Bible decided upon-1611
  • Attempt to end excessive use of excommunciation failed
  • Attempt to solve Church poverty failed- Parliament benefitted from inappropriation of tithes. 1580s, only 600 out of 9000 parishes provided adequate stipend to clergy
  • Only four to five modearte Purtians- radicals disappointed
  • Failed to win demands
  • James dimissed small things as trivial e.g removal of surplices
  • James began to take anti-Puritan steps- appointed Richard Bancroft to enforce uniformity (non-Puritan)
  • Deep seated dissatifcation- Puritan Revolution 1642
  • Seperation- John Robinson and Smith New World
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Convocation and Canons

  • February 1604
  • Resolve disputed matters
  • All ministers must subscribe to to three artivles supporting King's supremacy, agree to 39 Articles and accept the Book of Common Prayer.
  • Only use authorised services- attack on Puritan ministers who were accustomed to giving long sermons
  • Serious blow- could no longer ignore practices they disapproved of
  • 90 Puritan ministers lost livings
  • Mistake for James- created opposition
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Effect of George Abbot on Puritans

  • 1611
  • Calvinist, sympathetic to Puritans
  • Example of James compromising
  • General desire to see a more learned ministry and many bishops encouraged this by frequently preaching to themselves
  • Pleased Puritans, lectureships endowed where townsfolk were encouraged to attend
  • Non-conformity over small things like wearing a surplice reappeared- generally tolerated
  • Until 1618 religious divisons seemd to have resolved
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Catholic hopes for reign and initial leniancy

  • Promised he wouldn't persecute 'any that will be quiet'
  • Hope that they would be able to practice in private, unmolested
  • Needed a relaxation of crippling recusany fines
  • Recusancy fines reduced and fell to less than a quarter of their level before 1603
  • Short lived and caused protest- told Salisbury he wouldn't persecute for faith but never intended to extend a general tolerance
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Change of policy 1604 and reasons

  • All priests and Jesuits ourdered out of kingdom
  • November- recusancy fines to be collected in full
  • Many Puritans in parliament- kept fines to themselves
  • Due to adverse reaction of tolerance from Puritans in Parliament- 1604 Parliament passed an act calling for 'due execution of statutes' against 'an manner of recusant'
  • Didn't want to antagonise Parliament- use Catholics as bargaining tool for union with Scotland
  • Needed recusancy fines to raise revenue
  • Election of transgient Pope Clement- stirct and unwilling to compromise
  • No help from Spain- Gunpowder Plot
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Effects of Gunpowder Plot

  • James upset- Venetian ambassador 'the King is in terror'
  • Recusancy fines increased
  • Catholics forbidden to live in or near London or hold public offices
  • Oath of Allegiance 1606- denied Pope's authority to depose Kings- to appease Puritans and single out extremists
  • Example of James' leniancy; most Catholics happy to obey
  • Apology of 1608- justification
  • No further trouble from Catholics
  • Massive subsidy £400,000
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Fear of Catholicism 1618-1625

  • Howard faction had pushed Spanish match from 1614- if succesful Catholic worship in London
  • Tolerance for Catholics increasing
  • Failure to support Protestant cause on the continent
  • Relaxation of recusancy fine 1622-1623
  • 30YW led to polarisation
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Changing Attitude to Arminians/ Later Attitude to

  • 1618- Conference of Dort- Opposes Arminians
  • 1620s- they upheld James' authority while people were protesting about Spain and Catholicism
  • 1622- Directions to Preachers- forbidding clergy to preach about predestination or damnation- insult to Puritans
  • 1624- Richard Montagu's 'New gag for an old goose'- attacked Calvinist beliefs- criticised for actions. ' if this be popery then i am a papist'
  • Commitment to Protestant cause not doubted (went on to allow war)
  • May 1618- Book of Sports- blow to Puritans- Sunday for worship. Many clergy refused to read it. James withdrew- compromise
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Scotland/ Puritans

  • Wanted to force conformity with CoE
  • Won nobles away from Kirk- needed their support
  • Bishops imposed in 1618
  • Articles of Perth 1618- deeply unpopular especially kneeling for Communion.
  • Not strictly enforced and new prayer book that had been prepared in 1619 wasn't introduced
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