Different religious groups in England
- Arminian (from 1618)
James' religious beliefs
James was a Calvinist i.e. a moderate not a radical. James had little time
for those who wanted the Church purged of Popish remnants or those who
wanted a Presbyterian (no bishops) form of church government, as had
developed in Scotland.
James said that Presbyterianism ‘accordeth as well with monarchy as God with the Devil’.
James' religious aims
James pursued a policy of balance, moderation and (unofficially at any rate) toleration.
- James was tolerant towards Catholics. He called the Catholic Church ‘our mother Church’ though it was ‘clogged with infirmities and corruptions’. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots was seen as a Catholic martyr.
James supported rule of church by bishops (episcopacy) who were appointed by the King. Appointments show James' balanced outlook.
- James made no effort to harmonize the rather different English and ScottishChurches - this was wise. Charles I's attempt to do this helped bring about civil war.
- James' reign was notable for its lack of religious persecution, which is a tribute to James' moderation.
Key events for Religion
- 1603- Millenary petition
- 1604- Hampton Court Conference
- 1605- Gun power plot (recusancy fines tightend)
- 1606- Oath of allegiance
- 1610- Death of Bancroft
- 1618-Book of sports