James and Charles: Personality and Court scandals.

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James Personality

POSITIVE FEATURES:

  • Rex pacifus
  • Extravagant
  • Absolutist
  • Flexible
  • Educated
  • Experienced, 1567-1603
  • Pragmatic and tact, loved debating.
  • Court was lively and open, represented what he achieved.

NEGATIVE FEATURES:

  • Lazy and too kind.
  • Open friendship circle
  • Anti-war
  • Promoted anyone he found beneficial and attractive.
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Charles Personality

POSITIVE FEATURES:

  • Serious, hard worker.
  • Maturely extravagant.
  • Close friendship circle.
  • Pro-war
  • Relations with favourates weren't sexual.
  • Ordered

NEGATIVE FEATURES:

  • No experience
  • Provocative
  • Un-tact
  • Painfully shy and quiet.
  • Religious stance confusing.
  • Court was quiet and ordered
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KEY FAVOURATES/INDIVIDUALS

ROBERT CARR:

  • Advised King to rule without Parliament.
  • Influenced by Corrupt Catholic Howards.
  • Had an affair with Frances Howard
  • Part of the Overbury scandal as a result of death of Cecil in 1612.

GEORGE VILLIERS:

  • Appointed by Archbiship of Cantenbury to challenge Howard faction.
  • Apart of court rivalry
  • Kings favourate for charming looks.
  • 1615, made knight of bedchamber close to King.
  • 1623 highest earning subject outside royalty.
  • Got Cranfield impeached via reforms in Ireland.
  • Parliament heavily disliked him.
  • Responsible for failed trip to Spain and War in Palatinate and Cadiz.
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KEY CONTROVERSIAL INDIVIDUALS

THOMAS OVERBURY:

  • Carr's friend/secretary, object Howard/Carr affair.
  • James sent him to tower of London/
  • 1613 died, some say he was poisoned.
  • Carr and Howard were to blame.

FRANCIS BACON:

  • Defended royal power.
  • Corrupt and took bribes to pay off debts.
  • Lord treasurer.
  • Parliament impeached him.
  • Begged for mercy.
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James and Scandals

1615-16, OVERBURY SCANDAL:

  • Death of Cecil led many trying to replace him.
  • Howards were powerful Catholics
  • Carr was James' adviser under Howard influence after affair.
  • Frances Howard was already married but had an affair with Carr.
  • James granted her annulment.
  • Carr's secretary found out.
  • He was poisoned by Howard and she was sent to tower of London
  • James let her go.

COCKAYNE PROJECT:

  • William Cockayne given monopoly of wool trade via bribery.
  • Finished cloth in England instead of sending to Dutch.
  • Huge mistake, disaster, financial scandal
  • 1614.
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James and Scandals:

BUCKINGHAM'S FOREIGN POLICY

  • Kings favourate, too much influence.
  • Responsible for Spain trip failure.
  • Cadiz and military expedition in Palatinate failure.
  • He was attacked by Parliament in 1621 and 24.
  • Tried to be impeached.
  • His policy were not fond with Parliament.
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