What factors were preventing political progress in
Other than the conservative rulers, the following:
- Most people just cared about their everyday life rather than politcal affairs. Widespread illiteracy, and in the south ignorance, poverty and superstition. People were 'patriotic' to their STATE not Italy. People would not describe themselves as Italians.
- There was no common languange, as people spoke dialects in the south and latin, german and french in the Papal States, Austrian Rulers and Piedmont respectively.
- The RC church had regained it's power in 1815 and along with that came fear and superstition in the south where previously they had a lot of local power. Church preached of acceptance of conservatism. Due to the fact so many attended Church, more people heard the teachings of 'conservatism' etc through the church than the liberal reformers.
- Massive Austrian influence everywhere, as the rulers all seemed to be related, aunts cousins etc. The Pope looked to Austria for support. Tuscany and Naples had a direct alliance with Austria whereas everywhere else didnt. Metternich used police and informers to listen to people 'gossiping' for fear of suspected revolutionary groups.
Since the Vienna Settlement the European powers that had helped draw it up had a great interest in maintaining it and were not bothered by its petty rulers.
Russia, Prussia and Austria were all united in the Holy Alliance to show they were in favour of repressing revolution as they all hated it.
Britain and France were ever so slightly more sympathetic but immediately after 1815 there was nothing that they could do to help Italy.