- A paleolithic lifestyle (also known as paleo or primal lifestyle) refers to living as humans presumably did in the paleolithic era (Old Stone Age)
- The rationale for such an approach is that humans have evolved for millions of years in a paleolithic environment.
- Therefore, their body and mind can be expected to be adequately adapted to the concomitant hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
- Agriculture, on the other hand, only appeared about 10 000 years ago at the beginning of the neolithic era, and industrial society only about 200 years ago.
- Proponents of a paleolithic lifestyle assert that insufficient time has passed for humans to adapt to the changes brought by farming and industrialization, leading to a misfit between modern lifestyle and the human genome.
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