- Created by: ATDANMAN01 Becky
- Created on: 22-05-20 11:31
What is an exotic animal?
An animal which is not native to the country which it is residing in
'indigenous species of animal that is less commonly kept as a pet'
- a species that cannot be domesticated
- if they are domestic they are NOT exotic
Sourcing: Captive Bred
The animal is bred in captivity. The parents were in captivity when they mated and offspring were born in captivity.
- don't need to take from the wild
- offspring of endangered species are safer when captive-bred
- can help educate the public about the species
- no natural behaviours
- don't know how to survive in the wild
- limited gene pool
- can prevent natural learnt behaviours from being established
Sourcing: Captive Born
A gravid (pregnant) female was caught and later gave birth or laid her eggs in captivity.
- less chance of problems during birth as there are none of the stresses from the wild
- less chance of the birth being interrupted
- more genetic variation
- extra stress during transport that may be fatal for unborn offspring
- decreases the population of the species in the wild
- may not learn all necessary natural behaviours as the environment is artificial
Sourcing: Captive Farmed
A piece of land is sectioned off or protected and the animals are left to live freely and breed as they like, then we go and take the young/eggs.
- newly hatched animals under less stress
- maybe allowed in an enclosure close to its natural habitat
- tend to be highly stressed and aggressive
- not learnt natural instincts from parents or the environment
- decreased genetic variation
Sourcing: Long-term Captive
An animal that has been caught from the wild but has been in captivity for a long period of time, and has become tame.
- beneficial for species under threat in the wild
- have learnt from experiences in captivity
- keeps endangered species safe for the time being
- unlikely to survive if reintroduced to the wild
- hard to tell if a behaviour is natural or something picked up from captivity
Sourcing: Wild Caught
An animal caught as an adult from the wild and kept in captivity, may never be tame (depends on species, age etc.)
- protect threatened habitats if overpopulated
- genetic diversity
- cheaper initial price
- upset ecosystem
- welfare (stress)