Intrapersonal communication

Intrapersonal communication

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Transactional analysis

Berne (1968) created 3 ego states: child, parent, adult

child: emotional, poorly controlled way, sulky, when drunk or hyper we retreat to child mode

parent: critical and nuturing, conditioning

adult: reason and logic, emotions under control

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Sigmund Freud

Freud said the personality consisted of three parts

id: basic human insticts

ego: logic

super ego: moral

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Laing (the divided self, 1962)

Three experiences which Laing labelled as follows:

  • Engulfment: the fear of being swallowed up, suffocated by others involvement
  • Implosion: the fear the world at any moment will come crashing in and obliterate their identity.
  • Petrification/depersonalisation- the fear of being turned into stone or being braon washed
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Jung

Jung (1963) identified 3 elements to the psyche: consciousness, personal unconsciousness and collective unconsciousness.

  • consciousness: known directly to the person: 2 attitudes introversion and extroversion
  • personal unconsciousness: depressed or forgotten feelings, only directly available to us through therapy or direct trauma
  • collective unconsciousness: inherited from our ancestors
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Perception of self

The way we see ourselves affects how we communicate. This is called self concept, it consists of 3 elements: self image, ideal self and self esteem.

  • self esteem: social roles- the parts we play either ascribed or achieved, personality traits- statements about what we think we are like.
  • self image: various versions of the self which are imaged- social, physical or physiological selves portrayed.
  • Ideal self: what we aspire to be
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