Intervals

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Intervals

AN INTERVAL IS THE GAP BETWEEN TWO NOTES

An interval is the posh musical word for the gap of distance between two notes. Notes close together make small intervals. Notes further apart make larger intervals. There ate two ways of playing an interval:

Melodic Interval- When one note jumps up or down to another note, you get a melodic interval

Harmonic Interval- When two notes are played at the same time, they make a harmonic interval

  • You can use melodic intervals to describe the pattern of melody
  • In some melodies, there are only small intervals between the notes-no bigger than a tone
  • When the notes are close together like this, the melody can be called stepwise, conjunct or scalic (because it moves up or down the notes of a scale)
  • Tunes with bud melodic intervals (larger than a tone) are called disjunct
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Intervals

THE NUMBER TELLS YOU HOW MANY NOTES THE INTERVAL COVERS

  • You get the number by counting up the stave from the bottom note to the top note. You include the bottom and the top notes in your counting
  • C to E is a third becasue it covers three letter names-C,D,and E
  • C to F is a fourth becasue it covers four letter names-C,D,E and F
  • The number of an interval is sometimes called the interval quantity
  • The interval between G and D is a fifth
  • The interval between D and F sharp is a third (you can ignore the accidentals when counting)

An interval covering eight letters-say A to A- is called an octave. It's just got one name-it doesn't follow the two-part name rule

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